Essay The Harlem Renaissance and Its Evolutionary Progress

Essay The Harlem Renaissance and Its Evolutionary Progress

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Being an African American in the times of prejudice was anything but easy. Although slavery was outlawed, Jim Crow laws were utilized to keep African Americans “second class” and well below an equality of life that included housing, jobs, public facilities, as well as restaurants and many other liberties that were protected under a United States constitution. Many people such as W.E.B. Dubois and Marcus Garvey, although their ideas clashed between integration vs. separatism, they both supported the fact that African Americans needed to uplift one another and unify the black community, a term coined the Pan-Africanism movement, while also supporting the preservation of black culture’s heritage. Blacks who could gather enough money financially were moving out of the South in what was known as the Great Migration, and began filling Northern states in order to get away from the hate groups and constant violence that was occurring in the South. Even though the laws of the North were not as harsh as the Southern States the prejudice was still just as spiteful. Although dealing with prejudice, African Americans who migrated to Northern cities came across an abundance of jobs that didn’t leave them in perpetual debt and allowed them to set their own priorities when it came to spending money. Northern industry jobs such as oil refining and auto manufacturing


sought out their labor while in other Western cities mining and livestock-handling were calling African Americans for their efforts in the fields. Harlem became an important entity in this Great Migration. “It took the environment of the new American city to bring in close proximity some of the greatest minds of the day.”
“The New Negro” movement was in full affect after it ha...


... middle of paper ...


...himself proudly into society. While being Black was hard enough back in those days being a Black woman was even more difficult, but Billie Holiday proved to be a worthy soul in the push towards opening the public’s eyes to its rough past and give a sense of hope to African Americans



Works Cited

Lapsansky-Werner, Emma J., and Gary B. Nash. "The Harlem Renaissance and the "New Negro"" The Struggle For Freedom: A History of African Americans. By Clayborne Carson. 2nd ed. Vol. 2. N.p.: Pearson, 2011. 368+. Print. -since 1865.

"The Harlem Renaissance." Ushistory.org. Independence Hall Association, n.d. Web. 28 Apr. 2014.
U.S. History Online Textbook

Hentoff, Nat. "Jazz Columns: Duke Ellington's Mission - By Nat Hentoff - Jazz Articles." Jazz Columns: Duke Ellington's Mission - By Nat Hentoff - Jazz Articles. JazzTimes, Inc., May 1999. Web. 27 Apr. 2014.

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