Happiness in the Hierarchy of Needs and Biopsychosocial Models Essay

Happiness in the Hierarchy of Needs and Biopsychosocial Models Essay

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Well-being is slowly being recognized as a subjective concept. While others may view an individual’s situation as less than ideal, that person may still be perfectly satisfied with their situation. Taking this into account, researchers focusing on subjective well-being realize that any circumstance may be interpreted differently, depending upon one’s own goals and current life stage (Encyclopedia of Applied Psychology, 2004). Goals and life stages are interwoven in that the current position one stands will have a dramatic effect on current or upcoming goals and aspirations. Happiness has been linked to having purpose and goals in life, along with healthy social relationships, feelings of security, and a lack of major stressors (Diener & Tov, 2012). These factors were found to be among some of the most important in subjective well-being across different countries and are closely aligned with what one may see on Maslow’s hierarchy of needs model. The stages in this model may be paralleled with the factors influencing the biopsychosocial model, which incorporates the impact of biology, one’s psychological frame of mind, and the social surroundings. Both Maslow’s hierarchical needs model and the biopsychosocial model act as an easy-to-understand framework for the health psychology field, as demonstrated through the factors most closely associated with happiness.
When considering happiness as a subjective field, one must not only consider the individuals current life stage and goals, but also his or her affect or temperament. Temperament, defined as one’s mental constitution or frame of mind (Webster’s New Basic Dictionary, 1997), will impact how one views any given situation. In a study done by Holder and Klassen (2010), 311 c...


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Post, S.G. (2005). Altruism, happiness, and health: it’s good to be good. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine. 12(2). 66-77. Retrieved from http://link.springer.com/article/10.1207/s15327558ijbm1202_4
Poston, B. (2009, August 8). An exercise in personal exploration: Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. The Surgical Technologist. Retrieved from http://www.astd2007.ast.org/publications/Journal%20Archive/2009/8_August_2009/CE.pdf
Smith, R.C. (2002). The biopsychosocial revolution. Journal of General Internal Medicine. 17(4). 309-310. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1495036/
Temperament. (1997). Webster’s New Basic Dictionary. Promotional Sales Books, LLC. ISBN: 1-57723-202-X.
Well-Being. (2004). In Encyclopedia of Applied Psychology. Retrieve from http://www.credoreference.com.library.gcu.edu:2048/entry.do?ta=estappliedpsyc&uh=well_being

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