The Han dynasty possessed an optimistic perspective towards technology within their society as they portray how certain inventions developed throughout time and benefited individuals, as they were able to use it more efficiently. For example Han Tan, a upper-class Han philosopher, states “The pestle and the mortar were cleverly improved in such a way that the while weight of the body could be used, thus increasing the efficiency ten times…Later water power was also applied, and the benefit was increased a hundredfold”. (Document 3). Here, one is able to identify that Tan demonstrates the benefits of...
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...ted were towards upper-class individuals, the government also considered the poor as well, as they considered it to be imperative to manufacture technology in order to make the lives of common people and individuals with low status leisurely. Individuals, particularly, the upper-class within Rome possessed a pessimistic perspective towards technology, as they disregarded the effort applied by the laborers and believed that only ones intelligence was essential towards developing society. Furthermore, individuals with high-status were only concerned about the visual appearance of technology, regardless of being aware of its true purpose, in order to demonstrate that their art and architecture was superior to other foreign regions. Thus, although the Han dynasty and Rome were societies established during a common era, they possessed distinct attitudes towards technology.
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