Essay about Hammurabi 's Code Concept Of Eyes For Eye Justice

Essay about Hammurabi 's Code Concept Of Eyes For Eye Justice

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The law has some similarities with Hammurabi’s code concept of eyes for eye justice. In both sets of law a, “son was forfeited for son, daughter for daughter, eye for eye, limb for lib, tooth for tooth” (Roth 7). The concept of retaliation was alive and well in Mosaic Law. Execution was mentioned 36 different times in the Bible, and both genders could be executed like in Hammurabi’s code. For the most part, Mosaic Law is considered more compassionate but less advanced (Roth 6-7).
Several parts of Mosaic Law have remained relevant today. Stoning was the most prevalent form of execution and is still acceptable in certain region of the world today. Muslim countries have condemned women who commit adultery to stoning. Adultery is the second worst crime in Muslim world, and in 2009 a Pew Survey showed 83 percent of all Pakistani’s believed Muslim’s have affairs should be stoned. Mosaic Law is also extremely relevant in the western world. The Supreme Court refused to move the Ten Commandments from the Supreme Court building. Chief Justice Rehnquist believed the Ten Commandments were essential showing the development of law. Biblical stories like Cain and Abel are still taught centuries later to millions (Roth 7-8).
English law, like Mosaic and Babylonian was influenced by religion. In particular, English law was motivated by the Ten Commandments. There was a great deal of turnover in England and the law was effected depending on what denomination held the crown. However English law saw the development of human rights. In1166 the Asize of Claredon created trial by jury. The Asize created a circuit system and judges who would travel around the country. Human were developed even further with the passing of the Magna Carta. King John si...


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...op did not believe any woman could possess such scholarly knowledge of biblical passages (Roth 57-60).
Comparing and contrasting the different legal systems show what each country, colony, or region valued. Order and peace could not possibly be maintained without a legal system. The history of law shows a transformation from fierce and irrational punishment to more humane ways of determining guilt and punishment. By the 17th century not every accident or unfortunate event was considered a crime. Trials also had less of a divine component to them. Many principles from earlier legal systems are still relevant. The death penalty is still used in the United States and the Ten Commandments are guiding principles for many including the Supreme Court. Modern law has taken precedents from ancient law and refined the elements that could be considered arcane or impractical.


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