Hamlet is the tale of Denmark’s royalty and the “tragedy” that struck the Prince of Denmark, the play’s namesake, Hamlet. The play centers on the murder of the previous King, and his brother’s marriage to the widowed queen a month later. Early in the play, Hamlet finds out from the ghost of his father that he was murdered by Claudius, Hamlet’s uncle and the deceased king’s brother. The ghost tells Hamlet that he must avenge his father’s murder by killing Claudius. The rest of the play is an act of inaction on Hamlet’s part. Hamlet goes back and forth between insanity and sanity while constantly avoiding killing Claudius. In the final scene, Hamlet; Laertes (son of Polonius, Polonius was killed by Hamlet); the Queen, Gertrude; and the King, Claudius all die. While this play is foremost looked upon as a tragedy by most readers, a Marxist critique could show this play in the light of a farce.
The cycle of any monarchy is fraught with assassinations, deceit, and injustice throughout the ruling family; however, in Hamlet, this cycle is broken in an almost amusing way. Hamlet not only defies logical pretense by missing many opportunities to easily kill Claudius, but also displays an ethical streak unusual in the Prince of a ruling dynasty. The...
... middle of paper ...
...ous examples include Hamlet’s scene with Ophelia. By using the word nunnery, Hamlet leaves it to the reader whether or not to define nunnery as the slang for brothel or the place in which nuns reside. Gertrude moves from “reluctant lover, adulteress, and murderess depending upon the connotations placed on the text.
In conclusion, by applying multiple view points to Hamlet, one kind find innumerable ways of interpreting the play. The Marxists satirize the ruling monarchy and show the debilitating uselessness of the cycle of royal families while deconstructionists show the incapability of language to make a concrete account of happenings. Not even the author of a work of literature can unquestionably prove that their own work has but one meaning, because that work will elicit multiple responses from people based upon their own ideology, beliefs, and experiences.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- When looking at the play Hamlet, by William Shakespeare, through a Marxist critical lens, there are many Marxist themes that would apply. In Hamlet there is a big difference between the monarchy and the peasants. Even in Hamlet’s time, the high class is treated in a better way than the low class. The royalty members’ poor decisions are easily overlooked or covered up like with Claudius covering up the murder of his brother. Hamlet is the only character that directly hates the monarchy and goes against it, making him more sympathetic to the lower classes.... [tags: Marxism, Sociology, Characters in Hamlet, Gertrude]
1361 words (3.9 pages)
- The Marxist Hamlet In his article "'Funeral Bak'd Meats:' Carnival and the Carnivalesque in Hamlet," Michael D. Bristol mingles Marxism and Bakhtin's notion of double discoursed textuality into an unique reading of Shakespeare's drama as a struggle between opposing economic classes. Bristol opens with a two paragraph preface on Marxism, highlighting Marx's own abnegation of Marxism: "Marx is famous for the paradoxical claim that he was not a Marxist" (Bristol 348). While he acknowledges some of the flaws inherent in Marxist criticism, Bristol uses the introductory paragraphs to assert the "enormous importance" of "the theory of class consciousness and class struggle" which Marxist the... [tags: Essays on Shakespeare Hamlet]
869 words (2.5 pages)
- The story of Hamlet and the theory of Karl Max, the creator of the Marxist idea, are two ideas that complement each other. From the different social classes between the King, the players and even Hamlet to the way they treat others. Sometimes the public makes the mistake of tying Hamlet and Shakespeare with Communism but this conspiracy is not seen in the book because in it not everyone lives the same but it is understandable that the theory of Marxism is of the problem of having social classes and that in the end, there should not be any.... [tags: Social class, Sociology, Marxism, Working class]
1254 words (3.6 pages)
- By:Tine Ndhlovu Hamlet 's Conflicting View of Women INTRODUCTION Although women do not appear often or say much in Shakespeare 's Hamlet, they constantly are displayed through the motives and actions of the men in the play. The Elizabethan era and the Chain of being in the sixteenth century, may play a part in the play 's tragedy. Hamlet’s conflicted view of women, prevents him from extracting revenge and it leads him to his downfall. Hamlet views women as weak, sexualized, untrustworthy and inferior.... [tags: Hamlet, Characters in Hamlet, Human sexuality]
1855 words (5.3 pages)
- This economic study will define the dilution and variability of Marxist and Neo-Marxist Theory in the post-WWII era. The slow dilution of Marxist theory as a 19th century economic concept defines the rise of capitalism and the neoliberal ideology that has permeated the latter half of the 20th century. The fall of communism in the late 1980s reveals the bankruptcy of communism as a state ideology in the U.S.S.R., especially after the Unite States and other first world nations triumphed through the neoliberal capitalist ideology of the 1990s and into the 21st century.... [tags: Marxism, Sociology, Capitalism, Karl Marx]
1251 words (3.6 pages)
- A Comparison of the Functionalist View with the Marxist View Sociologists may disagree in their interpretation of how society works. Some have focused on what keeps society together; others have focused on what divides society. Over the years the two major paradigms have dominated sociology these are functionalism and the conflict theory better know as Marxism. Both the Marxism view and the functionalist view have their own totally different point of view. Haralambos points out that ‘although functionalists emphasize the importance of value in society they do recognize that conflict can occur”.... [tags: Papers]
627 words (1.8 pages)
- In which philosophical form of government does Barack Obama believe. That has been one of the on-going debates since he burst upon the national political scene a scant four years ago. Political observers noted he was the most liberal member of the United States Senate and many believed he was a radical left-wing zealot if not an ideological revolutionary. The terms socialist, progressive, and Marxist were generally thrown about to describe the eloquent, little-known Obama as his unlikely quest for the presidency unfolded.... [tags: US Politics, Marxism]
987 words (2.8 pages)
- The Marxist View on the Role of the Education System In this essay I am going to examine the Marxist view that the role of the education system is to reproduce and justify the existing class structure. Marxists see the educational system as a mechanism for maintaining class inequalities, for example the reproduction of the capitalist system. The capitalist system is one where by the rich (the bourgeoisie) stay rich and the poor (the proletariat) stay poor. Marxists do not believe in meritocracy, this is where the educational system gives equal opportunities to everyone despite their background.... [tags: Karl Marx Communist Communism Papers]
906 words (2.6 pages)
- An Ethical View of Hamlet In the play Hamlet, a number of questions arise--was it truly necessary for all the blood and murder to be written to make a point. Were his actions that followed, rational or justified. Was it ethical. Granted for the time period, many barbaric actions were regarded as accepted or justifiable, however, was there one point where Hamlet could have gone past the accepted level of shall we say, normality?Ethics (n), branch of Philosophy concerned with conduct--the determination of the good, and the right and wrong.... [tags: free essay writer]
729 words (2.1 pages)
- Marxist Criticism Introduction Marxist literary criticism is based upon the political and economic theories of the German philosopher Karl Marx. In works like The German Ideology and The Communist Manifesto, written with Frederick Engels , Marx proposes a model of history in which economic and political conditions determine social conditions. Marx and Engels were responding to social hardships stemming from the rise of capitalism. Appropriately, their theories are formulated specifically to analyze how society functions in a state of upheaval and constant change.... [tags: Karl Marx Marxism Essays]
1335 words (3.8 pages)