Specific population risk groups include: Non-Immune Pregnant women, Young Children, Semi-immune pregnant women, People with HIV/AIDS. (WHO, Malaria.2013, 1-6).
According to the WHO; Young children who live in areas of high transmission but have yet to developed protective immunity against the most severe forms of the disease; Non-immune pregnant women are also susceptible to the disease as malaria causes high rates of miscarriage The same for Semi-immune pregnant women in areas of high transmission. Malaria can cause miscarriage and low weight at birth more especially during first two pregnancies; In addition all pregnant women who are infected by HIV/AIDs are also at risk. Furthermore, Women infected with HIV/AIDS who have contracted malaria of the placenta also have a heightened risk of passing the HIV infection to their newborns. International travelers from areas that are not endemic to malaria are also at risk because they do not immunity. The same is accurate for Immigrants from endemic areas as well as their children who are living in non-endemic areas and returning are returning to their home countries. (WHO, Malaria.2013, 4-6).
Diagnosis and treatment
Diagnosis refers to the act of determining or identifying a disease or an illness by examining someone or something. An early diagnosis and tre...
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...$12 billion USD every year. The economic impact includes days lost in education, costs of health care, working days lost due to sickness, , decreased productivity due to brain damage from cerebral malaria, and loss of investment and tourism.
However, as much as it may seem that malaria are an isolated case of a disease that affects only the poor and the developing areas of the world. Malaria is a world problem. Because its destructive power is felt by the entire world.
The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that: In 2010 alone there were an estimated 219 million cases of malaria and approximately 660.000 deaths. Most of the deaths occurred amongst children under the age of 5. There are currently (+ -) 104 malaria-endemic countries and approximately half the world’s population is at risk for infection, worldwide. These figures make malaria the leading cause of
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