Guidelines And Recommendations From Public Health Essay

Guidelines And Recommendations From Public Health Essay

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This chapter discusses the various lifestyle and policy changes that have promoted healthy aging,
within the last 50 years. In addition, there are many policy changes that have an effect at various levels of the socio-ecological model. These policy changes concentrate on prevention
of chronic diseases and disabilities. Furthermore, the concentration of this chapter is not on controversial policies but on policies that have been proven to work.
Firstly, policy in public health must be defined. It is defined in this chapter as the laws, regulations, judicial decrees along with the guidelines and recommendations from public health agencies. The range of health policies in the prevention of unhealthy aging are local, regional, state-wide, and national. Furthermore, there can be intervention on the level of the community and organizational levels. For example, businesses have policies related to preventative health. There doesn’t just have to be development of health policies but these policies have to be implemented. The development of health policies connects scientific knowledge with societal values. According to the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) there have been several public health achievements: vaccination, vehicle safety (seat belts and airbags), workplace safety, infectious disease control, coronary heart disease and stroke rates decreasing, healthier foods, healthy mothers and infants, family planning, fluoridation of drinking water and the acknowledgement of tobacco as a health hazard. In addition, health policy development is complicated and is therefore influenced by other policies outside of the realm of health.
Secondly, this chapter discusses the many frameworks that were developed to characterize hea...


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...system, which is focused on treatment not prevention. An example, of such an intervention to try to close this gap is The SPARC (Sickness Prevention Achieved through Regional Collaboration) model. This models is an outreach program to either preventive services or referrals to clinics. In addition, the Task Force on Community Preventive Services was established in 1996. Its purpose is to identify effective community level interventions. These policies are to concentrate on promotion policies at the community level. Lastly, there has to be room for future policy initiatives. These initiatives will not only promote health in the elderly but persons of all ages. One such initiative is the 2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act
(PPACA). The PPACA provides collaboration between federal agencies and departments that implement prevention activities.














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