Growth and Development of Children Essay

Growth and Development of Children Essay

Length: 1713 words (4.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

In terms of physical characteristics, the average height and weight for a two year old is thirty-four inches tall and twenty –eight pounds. Over time, their head growth will slow, from 3⁄4 inch (2 cm) in their second year alone to 3⁄4 to 1 1⁄4 inches (2–3 cm) over the next ten years. The child’s posture will change as well during the toddler years. These physical changes are due to improved muscle tone, which is cause for a more erect posture, thus giving the child a taller, and more lean appearance (“Physical Appearance,” 2013).
According to Erikson, children of this age tend to demonstrate a wide range of emotions; they tend to be dominating, uninhibited, and self-loving. Sometimes the child is very loving and wants to be close, and at other times, he or she will bite, pinch, or do other physical harm to another person and show no sign of guilt or shame. This is due to the fact that a toddler has little self-control over their exploratory or sadistic impulses (as cited in Murray et al., 2009).
A toddler is slow to realize that he or she cannot have everything they desire and that some behavior is unacceptable. They experiment in the quest for independence, but find certain experiences and consequences frightening; and will run to their parents for protection, security, approval and reassurance. Erikson also taught that the need for attention and approval is one of the main motivations in the development of the ego and socialization. Toddlers will often repeat behavior and performances that are met with attention and laughed at. The child enjoys giving performances and pleases him or herself just as much as they do the audience (Murray et al., 2009).
Piaget noted in his Cognitive Theory, that toddlers between the ages of eight...

... middle of paper ...

...s most visited site about children's health. Retrieved March 20, 2014, from
Murray, R. B., & Zentner, J. P. (2009). Health promotion strategies through the life span (8th ed.). Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice Hall.
Physical Appearance and Growth: Your 2 Year Old. (n.d.). Retrieved March 24, 2014, from
Toddler milestone: Socialization. (n.d.). BabyCenter. Retrieved March 20, 2014, from
University of Rochester Medical Center. (n.d.). University of Rochester Medical Center. Retrieved March 22, 2014, from

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Children 's Development Into Universal, Predictable Sequence Of Growth Essay

- The development of children differs from individual to individual, depending on their unique temperament, leaning style, family, and upbringing. Research theorists such as Jean Piaget and Erick Erickson have endeavored to organize child development into universal, predictable sequences of growth that typically occurs in most children. In this paper I will be discussing my life story from infancy to adolescence and intergrading the theorists, domains, models that I have learned in child development classes....   [tags: Jean Piaget, Theory of cognitive development]

Powerful Essays
1969 words (5.6 pages)

How Isolation Impacts the Growth and Development of Children Essay

- During isolation, children face numerous problems such as lack of socialization, neglect of the senses, little to no affection, and rare movement. Little interaction with other humans leaves the child unable to learn the general norms of society. This is especially seen in children who run away to outdoor habitats. It is said that "When a child is brought up in contact with animals, striking similarity to the behavior of those animals is exhibited, and such behavior proves difficult to eradicate” (Dennis 1)....   [tags: tabula rasa, john locke]

Powerful Essays
1480 words (4.2 pages)

Racial Social Structures And Development And Growth Of African American Children

- America’s foundation was heavily influenced by race and the melding of various cultures. We began as a melting pot of many differing groups congregating into a single union, and yet certain beliefs and ideologies over time have hindered the progression of our modern society. Racial social structures have existed in American society and have undoubtedly influenced the enculturation and familial relationships among minority communities. In the memoir Fatheralong, John Edgar Wideman eloquently exemplifies the link between racist social structures and the development and growth of African American children through his personal experiences and relationships growing up....   [tags: Racial segregation, African American, Sociology]

Powerful Essays
1643 words (4.7 pages)

Childhood Obesity And Its Effects On Children 's Growth And Development Essay

- Efforts to prevent childhood obesity have failed to achieve set goals. Healthcare providers are reluctant to discuss obesity with the parents of obese, overweight children, even though “… intervention by physicians can reduce overweight children’s risk …” (Moyer, 2011). Health education has shown some promise in helping to prevent childhood obesity. However, there are few studies published evaluating the effectiveness of parental intervention in terms of helping to prevent or reduce childhood obesity....   [tags: Health, Nutrition, Public health, Health education]

Powerful Essays
1264 words (3.6 pages)

The Relationship Between Physical Growth And Motor Development Essay

- The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between physical growth and motor development in 816 children between 4months and 24 months. The gross motor development assessments looked at six different milestones, these included; sitting without support, hands-and-knees crawling, standing with assistance, walking with assistance, standing alone and walking alone. The assessments were taken at monthly periods and then bimonthly from the age of 12months until the child could walk alone or had reached 24months of age....   [tags: Child development, Developmental psychology]

Powerful Essays
1096 words (3.1 pages)

Effect of Lipid-Based Nutrient Supplements on Child Growth in Senegal Essay

- The objective was to test the hypothesis that a lipid-based nutritional supplement enriched with micronutrients (LNS+MN) would enhance linear growth in rural African young children compared to a paste without micronutrients (LNS). Methods: Senegalese children (n=208) were enrolled at 6 months and assigned to one of the two arms (LNS+MN or LNS) of the double-blind randomized trial. Caregivers were asked to give a 20g daily dose of supplement (108kcal) to their child for a 12-month period. The primary outcome was length....   [tags: child growth, nutritional supplements, senegal]

Powerful Essays
1838 words (5.3 pages)

Essay on Erikson 's Theory Of Growth And Development

- Erikson’s theory of growth and development generalizes the psychological needs of a person for each major developmental stage in their life. (Potter and Perry, Pg.320) His Theory consists of eight stages, and with every stage a question, that one must answer before they are able to move onto the next stage of life. The questions asked are meant to determine if a person has settled all their inner conflicts, and are content enough with themselves to truly mature, or move onto the next stage of their life....   [tags: Erikson's stages of psychosocial development]

Powerful Essays
1986 words (5.7 pages)

Essay on Stages of Development: Middle Childhood

- Childhood is the most precious time of a person’s life, full of new discoveries and observations about the world around them. Children learn to become independent and take care of themselves. Their curious eyes explore everything around them and they absorb knowledge from their parents and their teachers. They also learn to make friends and learn how to share with one another. As children get older, they learn how to bond with others in school and become more involved with sports and learning how to be in a group setting....   [tags: Child Development]

Powerful Essays
2364 words (6.8 pages)

Essay on Emotional and Social Development

- Every child’s development is distinctive, multipart, and complex. Development comes to pass in five areas. SPICE refers to the five areas of development that all children share. Social, physical, intellectual, creative, and emotional equals SPICE (Early childhood education). Erik Erikson developed a theory of development that considers the impact of external factors from infancy to later life. So, when thinking about early childhood education the one detail that comes to mind is development. Emotional-social development is one aspect of development that is greatly influenced by factors in the environment and the experiences a child has....   [tags: Child Development]

Powerful Essays
1448 words (4.1 pages)

Essay on Childhood Physical Development

- Physical activity enhances children’s quantitative development within middle childhood, supporting growth toward healthy strong people, physically and psychology. Middle childhood is documented as being between the ages of six to ten years old. A lack of physical activity affects children across all areas of development; it is not restricted within the domain of physical development. Discussed within are the expectations of motor development within middle childhood, the benefits of physical activity and the consequences of prolonged inactivity....   [tags: Child Development ]

Powerful Essays
1878 words (5.4 pages)