Many scholarly writers such as Robbie Batson believe that Gregor is an extension of Kafka himself, both having been traveling salesmen, similar family life with an abusive father, a dependent mother, and although Kafka had three sisters he had a close relationship with Ottilla like that of Grete and Samsa. Kafka even is similar to Samsa in spelling, almost like a cryptogram(Barfi, Azizmohammadi, and Kohzadi). As the breadwinner in his house, both Kafka and Gregor had the responsibility of taking care of their family through paying off the debts of their parents(Batson, The Kafka Project). The most intriguing parallel in their life is how they both died, early in their life during a time when they were sick and alone, almost like Kafka knew how he was going to die. With as many coincidences as there are between Kafka’s and Gregor’s lives, it is almost impossible to ignore that Kafka was illustrating his life and inner struggles through Gregor Samsa.
In Gregor Samsa’s life, many of his wants and desires have been suppressed only to have the needs and wants of others put in place of his own. Sigmund Freud believed that our mind is made up of the unconscious and the conscious, ...
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...s a means of controlling Gregor. When he injures Gregor’s legs that immobilization is the forcible castration of Gregor to keep him in his place, causing further isolation from his family because of their cruel behavior towards him. The castration and abuse brought upon by his father may have also been why Gregor was so desperate to take control of Grete and his mother, he mentally could not take losing that control over the family and it drove him crazy to have the shoe on the other foot.
As Gregor entered his unconscious mind, he began to live his bug life with an acute experience of some of his primitive cravings. He had endured discovering his id with little presence of ego and superego, the Oedipus complex, and a newfound rebellion of what what expected of him. Gregor Samsa no longer existed, for he was broken and in his isolation lost what it meant to be human.
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