Gregor Mendel, An Austrian Monk Essay

Gregor Mendel, An Austrian Monk Essay

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Gregor Mendel, an Austrian monk, introduced a new theory of inheritance based on is experiment with peas. Mendel’s genetic laws were called the Law of Segregation, the Law of Independent Assortment, and the Law of Dominance. Mendel worked with peas that were yellow or green in color and smooth or wrinkled in shape. The characteristics in the traits were distinct and similar; therefore, they gave Mendel the conception that his experiments would be easily tested. He concluded that the yellow pea plants, which bred with the green pea plants, had yielded all yellow peas; as a result, all the hybrid children looked like only one of the parents. Mendel theorized that genes can be made up of three possible pairings of heredity units called ‘factors’: AA, Aa, and aa. In Mendel’s crosses, the starting plants were homozygous AA or aa, the F1 generation was Aa and the F2 generation was AA, Aa, or aa. While Mendel’s research was with plants, the principles also applied to people and other animals. After Mendel’s death, his work was recognized, and he was regarded by the name ‘father of genetics’.

Keywords: genetic laws, heredity units

Gregor Mendel, an Austrian monk, introduced a new theory of inheritance based on his experiment with peas. He isolated true breeding strains of peas with distinctive traits to test his hypothesis about heredity being independent of the actions of an individual’s genome. Mendel concluded which member of a pair of genes became included in a gamete; he called this law ‘Law of Independent Assortment’. Mendel’s observations and conclusions also summarized another law called ‘Law of Segregation’, which states that one gene from each parent passes to an offspring. Mendel’s last law, ‘Law of Dominance’ states th...

... middle of paper ...

...he pea plant traits that he studied were controlled by genes that do not exhibit an intermediate expression in the phenotype.

Gregor Mendel died, at age 62, on January 6, 1884. After Mendel’s death, his work was rediscovered by Carl Correns, Hugo de Vries, and Erich von Tschermak-Seysenegg. Although Mendel’s work was not recognized until the 1900s, he is still remembered and regarded as the father of modern genetics. Mendel’s genetic research with peas helped geneticists discover and develop new theories for Mendel’s unfinished work; therefore, the simple Mendelian genetics distinguished the environmental impact on phenotype, endured as the foundation of human genetics, and analyzed results for family histories. Mendel, along with his experiments and genetic laws, will always be credited as the man whose work prospered to new discipline within Biology and Genetics.

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