Greek gods were an important part of Greek mythology. They were around all the way back before Christ. Most of them still existed at the time of Paul. The highest Greek god was Zeus. He was the “Lord of the sky and supreme ruler of the gods”1, only after he overthrew his father, Cronus. After he overthrew his father, Zeus and his brother drew lots to see who would win and he won. His weapon was lightening, which he used against those that defied him. His wife was Hera, but her patience was tested because of his many affairs.
Zeus was the lord over all weather and all gods. Any weather phenomena or changes occurred because of him. He was the father of men and the father of gods. He made sure that each god performed their duty and punished them for each wrong doing. Not only was he watchful for misdeeds, but he was also their friend.
Zeus, as father of men, was just that, the paternal figure in the lives of men. He watched over them, rewarding and punishing them. He was not a respecter of persons, because no matter the person he was there to reward and punish.
People worshiped Zeus, dedicating an alter to him. Most homes had a altar erected in their courtyard. He was known to protect the family hearth and property. Not only was he known as the protector of homes, but he was also the god of hospitality, the protector of the cities, oath guardian, and just a protector in general.
Zeus may have been the...
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...na, but he was, at some point in his journeys, at Athens. Athens was full of gods. In Acts 17, it says that the city was given totally to idolatry. One of those gods was named the Unknown God. Paul told them that even though they were very religious and that indeed there was a God that they did not know, they were worshiping Him very wrong. Paul used that Unknown god to teach them about the one true God and to show them about the saving knowledge of Jesus Christ.
There were many, many more religions at the time of Paul. Each were slightly different then the other and different people worshiped different things. No matter what religions are out there, the one true God is the only One worth worshiping. He is the one that knows just what we are going through. He is right there to be with us and shower us with blessings. He knows us personally.
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