Greek Mythologies: Gods and Mortals in Greek Literature Essay

Greek Mythologies: Gods and Mortals in Greek Literature Essay

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Greek mythologies arise from various cultural aspects of the Greek society; however, the role of the divinities in human affairs is particularly accentuated in most, if not all, Greek mythologies. Nevertheless, each author displays the role of divinities and supernatural differently, as Homer in The Odyssey and The Iliad displays direct interaction between the supernatural divinities and the mortals. On the other hand, Sophocles’ Antigone lessens such interactions and emphasizes the human role, while Thucydides’ History of the Peloponnesian War completely ignores the notion of divine power, but focuses impartially on the actions of men and their consequences. Therefore, such difference of perspectives gives rise to the conflict between divine roles and human nature.
In History of the Peloponnesian War, Thucydides focused on the narration of factual and supported events without exaggeration as he indicates that “not far wrote in accepting conclusions I have reached from the evidence I have put forward” (Bk1, ch21). In this statement, Thucydides displays that his account of the events focuses mainly on human action. Moreover, He makes a particular point of ridiculing poets, Homer, who exaggerate the events to please the audience; Thucydides was a firm believer in that “subject matter mostly lost in the unreliable streams of mythology” (Bk1, ch 21-22). Consequently, when Thucydides proceeds to describe the plague that hit Athens, he refrained from relating the cause of such anguish to anger of gods or any supernatural powers, as the doctors were not able to diagnose the disease yet even birds that ate the corpses died as well. Rather, Thucydides gave an objective account of the plague as experienced without any speculation on the c...


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...nd The Odyssey exhibited the points discussed in Sophocles’ Antigone, and Thucydides History of the Peloponnesian War, yet each of the authors had a unique perspective of the events and the roles of both the gods, and human nature. However, Homer’s The Iliad contained more points of connection with the other works, thus events from the Iliad are more emphasized. Such emphasis arises from the fact that Homer’s Iliad was directly referenced in the other works, and the Iliad had a more extensive storyline with many characters involved. Despite the differences between both Homer’s books, both the main characters were manipulated by the constant interference of the supernatural deities, and they fallen victims to their own human natures and such was emphasized by.



Works Cited

Homer, Iliad
Homer, Odyssey
Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian Wars
Sophocles, Antigone

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