In the Furies, Athena creates a justice system to decide the fate of Orestes when he murdered his mother Clytemnestra. Her judgment displayed the degradation of mortal women and difference in power that goddess have. The conflict between Apollo and the Furies over the disagreement if Orestes should be punished for his crime. When this could not be resolved, Athena got involved and proposed the idea of bringing the issue to trial, creating the first judicial system. When the juries’ votes were tied in the decision, Athena stepped in and made the final ruling. She says, “I was born of no mother, and I defer to the male
in all things with all my heart, except for marriage,
as I will always be the child of my father.
Thus, I cannot give precedence to the woman’s death:
she murdered her husband, the guardian of the House;” (The Furies, 736- 740). This quotes explains that she will always side with the men because she came from Zeus’s head. This makes her the product of a male, rather than traditionally being born from your mother. Her loyalty to he...
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...understand of their lives at the time these were written. It shows that the unequal treatment of women started thousands of years ago, and nothing changed for a long time. We are able to gain perspective on their society’s hierarchy and how their relationship with the gods. In “The Furies” both gods and goddesses have a role in deciding the fate of Orestes. However, in the Rape of… the goddesses have little influence, which is seem when Demeter cannot get her daughter back and Zeus choses to give away a goddess, Persephone, to Hades. Homer’s literature has a harsher and oppressive view of women through dimming down their intelligence, and not giving them any influence even though they are goddesses of Olympus. While “The Rape of Persephone" displays a more repressive force against women, both myth provide an understanding of their views on how women must be treated.
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