There are various forms of Roman temples, but many are defined by their axial orientation, stemming from Etruscan architecture and exemplified by the Temple of Mars Ultor in the Forum of Augustus. Augustus came into power during a time when Rome was extremely run down and corrupted. As a result, he began to transform Rome by cleaning up the city and rebuilding structures, ultimately changing the city to the grand center it came to be. Augustus did not invent the Roman temple by any means, but he drew attention to it by emphasizing the forum surrounding the temple. The Forum of Augustus, where th...
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...built by borrowing aspects from other cultures and creating something new.
Etruscan, Greek and Roman temples share many similarities proving the Roman temple was not invented alone, but instead was invented through a process of synthesizing architectural elements into a new structure. The axial orientation from the Etruscans and the prominent colonnade and other aspects of Greek temples all contribute to the classic Roman temple known to society today. This adoption of architectural characteristics does not end with the fall of the Roman Empire. Later civilizations adopted and transformed characteristics from Roman architecture, contributing to the ever-evolving design and construction of structures. Contemporary structures borrow elements from the Romans and other previous cultures, illustrating this evolution and simultaneous invention of new architectural forms.
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