In Greek mythology, twelve Gods and Goddesses rule the universe from atop Greece 's Mount Olympus. These Olympians had come to power after their leader, Zeus, overthrew his father, Kronos, leader of the Titans. All the Olympians are related to one another. The Romans adopted most of these Greek Gods and Goddesses, but with new names. The Gods and Goddesses were a major part of everyday life in ancient Greece, and each had a particular role. The mythology is used to explain the universe and the things humans witness and endure. They connect religion to the world, explain the Gods, creation, and eternity and help everyone live a happy life. The myths are also another way of exploring the world and recording history.
1. These sculptures are of the Greek God Poseidon, known as the Roman God Neptune. In the first sculpture his lower body is draped with a full head of curly hair and beard, he is holding up his right hand. In the second sculpture Poseidon is only partially covered and his genitals are exposed, he is holding up his left hand. I think he must have been holding a trident in both sculptures that has been lost along the way. He is the God of the Sea.
2. This is the sculpture of the Greek God Zeus. The Romans knew him as Jupiter or Jove. In the first pose he is seated with a scepter and has an eagle beside him. He is a “sculpture holding a small sculpture” of Nike. In the second sculpture Zeus is standing and holding a royal scepter and cup. He is kept company again by an eagle. In both images he has a full head of hair and beard. He is the King of the Gods and Olympus and God of the Sky.
3. This sculpture shows the Greek Goddess Demeter, known as the Roman Goddess Ceres. Demeter st...
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...k holding a flute. He has the hindquarters, legs, and horns of a goat. In the second scene it looks like he is teaching Daphnis, who is looking away, to play the syrinx. I can say I don’t like these sculptures at all; they remind me of something satanic. He is the God of Nature, the Wild, Shepherds, Flocks, and Goats and of Mountain Wilds.
While doing this assignment is was literally amazed at how many Greek and Roman sculptures there are. I am usually looking for information on one specific piece of art work or architecture so once I started on my search I realized that I would be looking at many sculptures to find what I was looking for. I thought this would be a rather quick and easy assignment but I was wrong. Plus, I often got off track and looked at other sculptures that caught my eye. I’m interested in seeing if I got these gods and goddesses correct.
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