Miss Emily Gross and Miss Karissa Sywulka
24 November 2014
English III and US History
The greatest triumphs of the reconstruction era were the ratification of the thirteenth, fourteenth and fifteenth amendments. The most critical shortcomings of the reconstruction era were the black codes, the widespread popularity of, “Jim Crow” entertainment, and the lack of action from the United States government concerning peonage.
Ratifying the thirteenth amendment was the pinnacle of the reconstruction era, and would change the United States for the rest of history. "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction." Before December 6 1865, slavery consumed all of America, enslaving millions of innocent men, women, and children, for no other reason than the color of their skin or their birth. The ratification of this amendment granted them life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness, inalienable rights that the african americans had been deprived of for over a century. Although there would be other challenges following this, the thirteenth amendment is the backbone for all future civil rights reforms.
The fourteenth amendment was one of the future civil rights reforms that the thirteenth amendment helped pave the road for. It forbid the denial of life, liberty, and property without due process of law. On July 9th 1868, this amendment was ratified, and was directly used to prevent states from denying rights to the newly freed slaves. This new amendment declared that all former slaves were citizens of the United States, and were not to be denied of...
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"Primary Documents in American History." 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution: Primary Documents of American History (Virtual Programs & Services, Library of Congress). Web. 24 Nov. 2014.
"Primary Documents in American History." 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution: Primary Documents of American History (Virtual Programs & Services, Library of Congress). Web. 24 Nov. 2014.
"Primary Documents in American History." 15th Amendment to the Constitution: Primary Documents of American History (Virtual Programs & Services, Library of Congress). Web. 24 Nov. 2014.
"The Rise and Fall of Jim Crow." PBS. PBS, 1 Jan. 2002. Web. 13 Nov. 2014.
"Separate Is Not Equal." Smithsonian National Museum of American History, Behring Center, 1 Jan. 2004. Web. 13 Nov. 2014.
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