The Greatest Scientists Of The 20th Century Essay

The Greatest Scientists Of The 20th Century Essay

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Albert Einstein, a German-born American theoretical physicist, was known to be one of the greatest scientists of the 20th century. He was born in Ulm, Germany on March 14, 1879, grew up and completed his early education in Munich. He was very different from other students and had very poor grades. His head was larger than normal and he could not speak that fluently. People thought he was mentally handicapped, however, his genius mind allowed him to make many contributions to the study of the universe.
At the age of 12, he became extremely bored with most of his subjects but had a fascination with Science. He read popular Science books and taught himself algebra, geometry and calculus to keep feeding his appetite for anything scientific. In 1894 when he turned 15, his family moved to Italy then went to Switzerland where he finished high school. He mastered the subject of calculus and how it applied to problem solving in Physics and Engineering. At the age of 16, he made his first conceptual breakthrough while looking at a mirror as he was curious to see if he was travelling at the speed of light while looking at his image. This was a thought experiment called ‘Einstein’s Mirror’.
Einstein wanted to attend the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich in 1896 but initially failed the entrance exam for Math. He realized physics was his strength, re-wrote the entrance exam and was accepted. He had abandoned his German citizenship to avoid army duty and became a Swiss citizen in 1901. At the age of 23 he married a Serbian woman, Mileva Maric, and had two sons. At this time, he took a job evaluating patent applications for electromagnetic devices for a patent office in Bern, Switzerland. Around the same time Einstein came across a...

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...eory. He isolated himself during 1929 to the late 1930’s to search for the “Theory of Everything” based on his suspicion in Quantum Theory. He had written articles on international peace and disarmament as he was against war. He lobbied against nuclear testing and future bombs even though his concepts on nuclear fission would be applied and in 1945, Einstein became instrumental in reducing the usage in the atomic bomb.
Throughout Einstein’s life, he published many remarkable articles contributing to the study of the universe that encouraged many astronomers, physicists and cosmologists to explore his concepts. He was the recipient of the Nobel Prize and at the age of 76, Einstein died in a Princeton Hospital in New Jersey knowing that his ‘Theory of Everything’ was unrealized. His contributions to physics made it possible to envision how the universe evolved.

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