The Greatest Russian Composers Of All Time During The Twentieth Century Essay

The Greatest Russian Composers Of All Time During The Twentieth Century Essay

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Dmitri Shostakovich was one the greatest Russian composers of all time during the twentieth century. During the end of World War I, the Russian Revolution initiated to topple the Russian Czar, Nicholas II, from power by the Bolshevik Party. The Russian Revolution led the establishment of Communism in the Soviet Union led with an “iron fist” by the dictatorship of Joseph Stalin. In the Soviet Union, the number of civilian deaths caused from victims of war, famine, and government purges, is estimated between thirty and forty million (Wright, 350). The Communist Party are responsible for these terrors, which affected all segments of society, including intellectuals, artists, and musicians (350). Furthermore, the Soviet regime used musical propaganda to promote the agenda of the Communist Party by encouraging Modernist artists to promote and praise to the fatherland and to the working class (Wright, 351). Dmitri Shostakovich was one of the Modernists composers in the Soviet Union to work under Joseph Stalin. In 1936, Joseph Stalin attended a performance of Shostakovich’s realistic opera Lady Macbeth of the Mtsensk but walked out three-quarters of the way through (Wright, 353). As a result, Shostakovich lived in a constant fear of expecting to be arrested and imprisoned after his first denunciation in an article of the official Soviet newspaper for his opera performance (353). In 1937, Dmitri Shostakovich wrote his Symphony No. 5, which is his most popular work that is still performed today. When the Symphony No. 5 was premiered in November 1937 by the Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra and composed by Yevgeny Mravinsky, his symphony was very successful that both of the authorities and the public critics of the Soviet Union gave positive...

... middle of paper ... played in a very stable low sound. At 7:30, the second theme sudden started to become intense with loud clash of the cymbal and violins are going rapidly. At 7:51, the violins and brass are holding the note longer by climbing each step and holding on to each note until of the recapitulation movement ends and begins the epic finally in the coda movement. The coda movement uses the brass instruments in major mode, like in the expedition movement, and the timpani in a very dramatic, militarist climax to end the Symphony No. 5. The ending of the Symphony No. 5 ended in a victory as Russia has triumph over the ending of despair and agony. Dmitri Shostakovich could have written his great struggling finally for the almighty, powerful Communist Party of Russia or for the people of Russia to keep and hope for the fight of humanity for one day to overthrow the Soviet Union.

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