In 1991 Schoch and seismologist Dr. Thomas L. Dobecki preformed low-level seismic surveys around the Sphinx. A seismic survey is a geological subterranean investigation based on the waves received back from a medium such as soil or rock. The interpretation of the depths depends on the distance between points and the depth of the strata. The data received from the seismic survey showed the subsurface weathering of the Sphinx was not uniform, showing less weathering at the rump (western end) of the monument. Schoch explains this uniformity and says the rump was carved later and the statue was only meant to be seen from the front and side views.
As for the two-stage construction, Schoch says the Sphinx temple and possibly the valley temple have a core layer of deeply weathered limestone covered by granite and ashlar. He believes the cor...
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