While the the Black populations had resided for years in the American south, their living condition shad deteriorated significantly after the civil war. The rise of hate organizations such as the Klu Klux Klan, meant that the Black families would have to live in perpetual fear of persecution. Threats to their life and safety was the primary push factor that made people leave. “You are hereby warned that you and your entire family must be gone from this community within forty-eight hours. Your attention is called to the symbol at top (one of skull and crossbones) of notice” (52). Such messages were commonplace ...
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...arcus Garvey was one such soul who, owing to his close identification with the Pan African movement in England while he was studying there, believed in promoting the spirit of love and pride amongst races. This, he believed, was not possible unless racial segregation – which he deemed highly discriminatory, was done away with completely (109). His United Negro Improvement Association promoted racial pride, but was misguided in its assumption that all races but white, were 'fallen ' races and needed conscientious Christian worship to be equals. In this manner, though principally, he wished well for the Black populations, his choice of method was wrong and discriminatory in itself. In trying to eliminate racism, he preached more of it, and indicated superiority of the White race over the Black and in a way justified the injustice being meted out to the minority races.
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