The Great Migration Of The Black People Essay

The Great Migration Of The Black People Essay

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The Great Migration, a significant event in the history of the Black people of the country began in the first quarter of the 20th century, and lasted for nearly two quarters, ending in 1970s. This event is generally referred to the mass exodus of the Black people from the rural regions of the South to the urban regions of the North, West and Midwest. This event not only had a significant impact on the urban life of the country, but also forever altered the dynamics between the racially different populations in the American cities. This exodus was partly influenced by the discriminatory practices of the rural South, and the large scale requirement of industrial workers during the First World War. This led to a series of events, especially concerning the attempts of the Black people to create a new space for themselves, confronting several challenges – economic, social and political, creating a new urban culture. This paper argues that the Black Migration was caused due to relentless persecution of the black people, and a systematic apathy towards their plight by the government, civil society and law enforcement authorities.

While the the Black populations had resided for years in the American south, their living condition shad deteriorated significantly after the civil war. The rise of hate organizations such as the Klu Klux Klan, meant that the Black families would have to live in perpetual fear of persecution. Threats to their life and safety was the primary push factor that made people leave. “You are hereby warned that you and your entire family must be gone from this community within forty-eight hours. Your attention is called to the symbol at top (one of skull and crossbones) of notice” (52). Such messages were commonplace ...


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...arcus Garvey was one such soul who, owing to his close identification with the Pan African movement in England while he was studying there, believed in promoting the spirit of love and pride amongst races. This, he believed, was not possible unless racial segregation – which he deemed highly discriminatory, was done away with completely (109). His United Negro Improvement Association promoted racial pride, but was misguided in its assumption that all races but white, were 'fallen ' races and needed conscientious Christian worship to be equals. In this manner, though principally, he wished well for the Black populations, his choice of method was wrong and discriminatory in itself. In trying to eliminate racism, he preached more of it, and indicated superiority of the White race over the Black and in a way justified the injustice being meted out to the minority races.

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