One of the most fundamental concepts of the author centred approach is, 20th century French theorist, Roland Barthes’ theory of the Author God (1978). More modern understandings of authorship have allowed society to create meanings of text that the author wanted to be understood. The theory of the Author God correlates with this understanding of authorship, stating the intention of the author determined the interpretation of the reader. The author was also seen to surpass their own culture under this theory, offering insights into the widespread moral problems of humanity. By applying this theory, I was able to interpret the book how it was written, as a biographical novel of a trouble man that was wealthy in m...
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...es, I have been able to interpret the initial meaning that F. Scott Fitzgerald had intended. Both Arnold and Booth have created suitable theories to interpret The Great Gatsby however, Booth’s theory the Implied Author was more applicable to create meaning from the novel. Arnold’s theory, entitled Culture and Anarchy (1869), didn’t assist in interpreting the meaning of the novel, it just told me that The Great Gatsby was a popular novel with a lot already said about it. Foucault’s theory of Author Functions was more useful when creating an interpretation of The Great Gatsby than Barthes’ theory of the Author God, conveyed through the idea that the three Author Functions can give a sense on what The Great Gatsby was before reading the novel. The study of these theories has given me a greater understanding of why The Great Gatsby was written and its historical context.
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