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Fitzgerald juxtaposes harsh commanding images & sound of nature with soft sounds and mans attempt to overpower nature in order to show mans greed in the age of the "bigger, better, faster" mentality. In this passage, Fitzgerald uses imagery and symbolism to portray his thoughts of the American dream. Fitzgerald uses vivid and lively words such as "summer," "wind," "earth," "trees," "frogs," "stars," and "heavens" to create an image of life and purity. Being a modernist, Fitzgerald believed in the power of nature, and how man made things should never be compared to those created by God. Fitzgerald continues to pair these lively words with words that signify the "bigger, better, faster" mentality. New technologies that are mentioned include "garages," "red gas-pumps," "pools of light," " abandoned grass roller," and "mansion." By using these words, Fitzgerald shows how these items of technology are beginning to mix with elements of nature, and by juxtaposing them with those words associated with creations of God, Fitzgerald can demonstrate how America was too focused in on their materialistic ways. Their new technologies such as red-gas pumps or an abandoned grass roller signify mans attempt to battle nature. Be it by using up natures' natural resources to fuel an automobile and pollute the environment, or by leaving a grass trimming device out on the lawn to kill the grass beneath it, Fitzgerald does a nice job showing mans attempts to overpower nature.
Another way Fitzgerald refers to man made objects and nature is through his diction. Fitzgerald uses alliterations to subconsciously persuade us to believe in those things created by God. When Fitzgerald writes of nature and those things that are made by God, he uses powerful sounding words such as "blown," "beating," "bright," "bellows," and "blew." When pronounced, these words have a loud and upbeat sound due to the letter B. It forces readers to imagine nature as strong and commanding. In order to further his juxtaposition, Fitzgerald ties quiet and soft alliterations with those images of technology. Fitzgerald does this when he mentions man-made luxuries and those items related to materialism such as Gatsby's mansion. Fitzgerald uses words such as "shadow," "standing," "silver," "Something," "secure," "suggested," and "share.
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Fitzgerald's juxtaposition of natural and artificial images of light shows America's incorrect method of reaching for a materialistic American dream. In this passage Fitzgerald attempts to compare and contrast those items made by man with those created by God by comparing two different types of light. When Nick is driving in his car (a form of technology), he notices "pools of light" coming from "new red gas-pumps." Fitzgerald associates these pools of artificial light with items of technology in order to prove to America that technology is creating a false light, a false sense of hope. Later Nick, who happens to be the only character in the book who exemplifies the pursuit of an American dream that isn't tainted by materialistic ways, parks his car under its "shed." Fitzgerald writes of nick parking his car under a shed for two reasons. Firstly, Nick parks his car under a shed, not in a garage; to remind the readers that Nick is the one not obsessed with materialism and new technology. Secondly, Nicks car is parked under the shed to hide it from the sun, the natural light. Fitzgerald does not feel that the mad made car is deemed worthy of sitting in the natural light, but instead must be hidden under the shed, not affected by God's light. Nick later sits on the grass roller, admiring the entirety of his yard. He admires the trees, the earth, the bellows of the frogs, and the "loud bright night." Fitzgerald describes the night with a bright light because he is emphasizing Nicks attempt to connect with nature. Here Nick is sitting in his lawn, surrounded by nature, and he gets the privilege of experiencing this beautiful loud, bright night.