The Great Galveston Hurricane Essay

The Great Galveston Hurricane Essay

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A hurricane, formally known as a tropical cyclone, is the most dangerous storm on this planet. Hurricanes only form over warm oceans near the equator. When humid, mild air ascends, it causes less air pressure below. Because of this, other high pressure parts try to equalize pressure with the low pressure area. This air also becomes humid, and mild and rises. This cycle continues, and the water in the air makes clouds. All the clouds spin and get bigger, fueled by the ocean’s heat and water evaporating to the surface. Any tropical cyclone that starts north of the equator will rotate counter-clockwise, and any tropical cyclone that starts south of the equator will rotate clockwise. The contrast is due to the direction of the Earth rotating on its axis. The tropical cyclone will start to spin more rapidly, and in the center, there is an eye that forms. In the eye, it is very low-key, and there is a very small amount of air pressure. When this spinning storm has wind speeds at 39 miles per hour or higher, it is considered a tropical storm. When wind speeds are at 74 miles per hour or higher, it is formally known as a tropical cyclone. When a hurricane hits land, it usually abates, because it is not getting any more energy by the warm ocean water. Even though it is much weaker, it still pours down a lot of rain, and has strong winds. Eventually, the storm will dissipate. A tropical cyclone is rated by the “Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale” in the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. It’s name comes from the founders names: Herbert Saffir, and Robert Simpson. A Category 1 storm has winds between 74 and 95 miles per hour, and a storm surge of 4 to 5 feet. Shrubs, trees, and unanchored mobile homes are damaged. Low-lying coastal roads are usua...


... middle of paper ...


...inches wide, 17 inches tall, and 10 inches thick. Today, only ⅓ of the residents in Galveston are protected by the seawall. Geostationary satellites, a satellite that orbits at the same speed as Earth, and special airplanes that go into storm to collect data were made by the National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and the United States Air Force. A doppler radar also tells forecasters the movement and development of a storm. With all of this technology telling the location, size and intensity of the storms, the NOAA, NASA, and the Air Force are confident something like Galveston will never happen again.


Works Cited

http://school.eb.com/levels/high/article/106251
http://spaceplace.nasa.gov/hurricanes/en/
http://school.eb.com/levels/high/article/438665
http://celebrating200years.noaa.gov/magazine/galv_hurricane

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