The Great Arteries Essay

The Great Arteries Essay

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Transposition of the great arteries is a birth defect that occurs when the pulmonary artery and aorta are switched. In between the top two chambers (atria) a hole is formed. There are many ways this defect forms and only occurs in the ventricles. An opening between blood vessels usually close after birth. The way blood circulates in the body starts off by delivering oxygen-poor blood to the right atrium and is pumped to the body only. It does not go to the lung. Oxygen-rich blood enters the left atrium from the lungs and is pumped back to the lungs. During pregnancy the heart forms in the first eight week at this time the vessels might attach to the wrong chambers.
When the blood vessels are switched the aorta can be left (levo) or right (dextro) of the pulmonary artery. Most commonly diagnosed is dextro-transformation of the great arteries (d-TGA), which is considered a critical congenital heart defect. Congenitally corrected transformation of the great arteries (l-TGA), is a rare type of birth defect in which the ventricles are opposite of each other and the pulmonary artery is left of the aorta. The cause of both levo-TGA and dextro-TGA is unknown but scientists have other explanations to why this defect occurs. There is more than two ways this defect can form and an open heart surgery is the only treatment.
In between the top two chambers (atria) a hole is formed. Atrial septal defect develops during pregnancy and should close during or after birth. An increase of blood flow causes the lung and heart to work harder damaging the blood vessels. Overtime problems can affect the patient such as congestive heart failure, high blood pressure and arrhythmias. Depending on when atrial septal defect was detected age and the size o...

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...s were recommended before any dental work and certain surgical procedures to prevent a heart infection (infective endocarditis). Today antibiotics are no longer recommended for people with patent ductus arteriosus. The only time antibiotics ar used is unless if the patient has had a catheter procedure.
Transposition of the great arteries is a serious heart defect that should be corrected within the first week of a baby’s life. When a baby is born you might notice a bluish color of the skin meaning there is a lack of oxygen. Babies born with transposition of the great artery live to have a healthy life. I was born with this defect and I still see my cardiologist but there are no problems. In my life I have had about six surgeries including a catheter procedure. I am well and healthy very active such as running, playing basketball and volleyball including exercising.

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The Great Arteries Essay

- Transposition of the Great Arteries Transposition of the great arteries is a birth defect that occurs when the pulmonary artery and the aorta are switched. There are many ways this defect forms, a hole in the atria or ventricles. In other cases there may be many holes in the heart. Blood circulates in the body by delivering oxygen-poor blood to the right atrium where it is pumped to the body and does not go to the lungs. Oxygen-rich blood enters the left atrium from the lungs and is pumped back to the lungs....   [tags: Heart, Blood, Artery, Cardiology]

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