Graves' Disease Essay

Graves' Disease Essay

Length: 980 words (2.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Graves’ disease was named after Robert J. Graves, MD, around the 1830’s. It is an autoimmune disease indicated by hyperthyroidism due to circulating autoantibodies, which is an antibody that attacks the person’s own body. The immune system attacks the thyroid gland, which causes it to produce too much thyroxine. Thyroxine is a hormone that helps control growth and also regulates metabolism in the body. While the thyroxine levels are high the patient’s metabolic rate increases, which can have an effect on their physical appearance as well as their frame of mind. Graves’ disease is the number one cause of hyperthyroidism in the U.S.
There are many signs and symptoms of Graves’ disease. Symptoms of Graves’ disease include anxiety, irritability, insomnia, tiredness, irregular or accelerated heart rate, and sensitivity to heat. Sign of Graves’ disease are tremors in the hands and fingers, weight loss, brittle hair, goiter, menstrual cycle changes, and more frequent bowel movements. People with Graves’ disease also report having symptoms of Graves’ opthalmopathy, also known as thyroid eye disease. This can include bulging of the eyes, itchy eyes, red eyes, sensitivity to light, and swelling around the eyelids. More severe cases of opthalmopathy include corneal ulcers, double vision, blurred vision, and restricted eye movements. According to a journal published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, “Smoking greatly increases the risk for Graves’ opthalmopathy. Among patients with Graves’ opthalmopathy, smokers had more severe eye disease than nonsmokers. Smoking also appears to be one of the multiple factors inducing Graves’ disease in genetically predisposed individuals.” One more sign of Graves’ disease, though it is no...


... middle of paper ...


...ring that it is not known what causes Graves’ disease to occur, the fact that there are so many treatment options is astonishing.



Works Cited

Christian Nordqvist. “What Is Graves’ Disease? What Causes Graves’ Disease?”
Medical News Today. MediLexicon, Int., 6 Nov. 2009. Web
10 Mar. 2012. http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/170005.php
Sai-Ching Jim Yeung, MD, PhD, FACP. “Graves’ Disease”
emedicine.medscape. 30 Sep. 2011. Web
10 Mar. 2012 http://www.emedicine.medscape.com/article/120619-overview#showall
Dr. Asha Thomas. “Treatment of Graves’ Disease”
Baltimore Sun. 19 Oct. 2009
10 Mar. 2012. http://www.baltimoresun.com/2009-10-19/news/0910180070_1_graves-disease-underactive-thyroid-thyroid-disease
Mark F. Prummel, Wilmar M. Wiersinga. “Smoking and Risk of Graves’ Disease”
The Journal of the American Medical Association. 1993
10 Mar. 2012

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Graves' Disease Essay

- Graves’ disease was named after Robert J. Graves, MD, around the 1830’s. It is an autoimmune disease indicated by hyperthyroidism due to circulating autoantibodies, which is an antibody that attacks the person’s own body. The immune system attacks the thyroid gland, which causes it to produce too much thyroxine. Thyroxine is a hormone that helps control growth and also regulates metabolism in the body. While the thyroxine levels are high the patient’s metabolic rate increases, which can have an effect on their physical appearance as well as their frame of mind....   [tags: Disease, Disorders]

Better Essays
980 words (2.8 pages)

Essay about Case Study of Graves' Disease

- Introduction The case study selected focused on Grave’s disease an autoimmune disorder involving over production of thyroid hormones triidiothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4). In the United States it is the most common form of hyperthyroidism. The over taxed organ then becomes enlarged (goiter). This case study report will discuss the clinical progression and presentation of this disease, define and describe what an autoimmune disorder is, outline what clinical testing is performed for proper diagnosis, and the treatments involved for management of the disease and those afflicted....   [tags: autoinmune disorder, thyroid problems]

Better Essays
1649 words (4.7 pages)

Essay on Graves Disease and Hyperthroidism

- Graves’ disease is an autoimmune disorder and a major cause of hyperthyroidism. This disease causes a varying degree of symptoms among its effectors. An autoimmune disease occurs when a patient’s immune system attacks healthy tissue which leads to a homeostatic imbalance within the body. Graves’ patients must receive the proper diagnosis, treatment and adequate awareness of the disease to maintain a healthy lifestyle. “Graves’ disease is named after Robert Graves, an early 19th century physician, who first documented the condition (Rosenthal, 2005).” Symptoms of the disease were first reported at the Dublin School of Diagnosis which included protruding eyes and exophthalmic goiter....   [tags: health, imbalance, thyroid]

Better Essays
649 words (1.9 pages)

An Autoimmune Disorder Of The Thyroid Gland ( Hyperthyroidism ) Essay

- Alternate Titles Diffuse thyrotoxic goiter Basedow’s Disease Definition “Graves’ disease is an autoimmune disorder that leads to overactivity of the thyroid gland (hyperthyroidism). An autoimmune disorder is a condition that occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks healthy tissue” (“Graves’ Disease”). Introduction Graves ' Disease affects the endocrine system. The endocrine system is a collection of glands that produce hormones. These hormones regulate metabolism, growth, reproduction, and sleep....   [tags: Thyroid, Hyperthyroidism, Graves' disease]

Better Essays
1782 words (5.1 pages)

Essay about Thyroid Gland Disorders of Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism

- The thyroid gland is located in the anterior, middle portion of the neck. Many of the bodies’ hormones come from the thyroid. According to Porth 2011, “the thyroid hormone increases the metabolism and protein synthesis in nearly all of the tissues of the body.” (p. 784). When these hormones are not regulated, a thyroid disorder develops such as hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. Hypothyroidism develops when the thyroid gland does not produce enough of certain hormones. (“Hypothyroidism”, n.d.)....   [tags: symptoms, graves disease, metabolsim]

Free Essays
889 words (2.5 pages)

Essay on Selenium and Zinc within Human Thyroid Tissues

- Selenium is a nonmetal, essential trace mineral that exist in both the inorganic (selenide, selenite, selenate) and the organic (selenomethionine, seleneocystine) forms (5). Its main form: selenomethionine is found in plant sources and selenocystine in animal sources. This important micronutrient is found in high concentrations within the thyroid and perhaps in smaller concentrations in the kidney, liver and other tissues.() In humans selenium is carried out primarily by selenocystine which comprise protein enzymes (selenoproteins) which are found to have primary roles in thyroid hormone metabolism, antioxidant defense and in the immune function....   [tags: Graves’ disease, abnormalities]

Better Essays
942 words (2.7 pages)

Essay The Function Of The Thyroid Gland

- Genetics plays a large role in the function of the thyroid gland along with environmental factors. The thyroid is a very important gland in the body that is largely overlooked. It plays an important role in hormone balance and metabolism; and any imbalance largely affects the rest of the body. This paper will address the four major types of thyroid diseases, the autoimmune diseases associated with the thyroid and the genes and environmental influences that play a role in these diseases. First off, where is exactly is the thyroid and what is its purpose....   [tags: Thyroid, Hypothyroidism, Graves' disease]

Better Essays
1439 words (4.1 pages)

Robert Graves: I, Claudius Essay

- In the book I, Claudius written by the novelist Robert Graves is a fictional autobiography about a man named, Tiberius Claudius who lives in Ancient Greece. He has some tremendous conflicts within himself which the author shows through his use of characterization and imagery. Born on the July 24, 1885, Robert Graves was born into a family of a well diverse European heritage with his family tree full of Irish, Scottish, German, English, and Danish natives. He was also born into an awfully wealthy family so he was well off as a child....   [tags: Literary Review ]

Better Essays
1347 words (3.8 pages)

Essay on Disorders of the Endocrine System

- Diabetes Insipidus is the less known form of diabetes. It is often accompanied by excess urine outflow, intake of fluid, and an increased thirst. Bedwetting due to lack of control and frequency, and an unusual concentration of urine is included. There are four types of DI, and each are completely different in treatment and causes. Most commonly, the cause is the lack of vasopressin, which concentrates urine to reduce its output. It is called pituitary DI because it is usually caused by the destruction of the back of the pituitary gland....   [tags: Disease ]

Better Essays
1041 words (3 pages)

Hyperthyroidism: Thyroid Disease and the Heart Essay

- Hyperthyroidism Chronic diseases such as hyperthyroidism can be debilitating if not managed well. Hyperthyroidism is an overactive thyroid gland that secrets too much hormones throughout the body causing many different clinical manifestations within all systems. The thyroid gland is located right underneath the larynx also known as the voice box, and straddling the windpipe. It consists of two types of tissues, follicular and parafollicular. The follicular tissues are the ones that secrete hormones containing iodine called thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3)....   [tags: Hyperthyroidism, goiters, GABA]

Better Essays
1302 words (3.7 pages)