Graphene: The Wonder Material Essay

Graphene: The Wonder Material Essay

Length: 1691 words (4.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

October 22, 2004 wasn’t a particularly special day for Andre Geim and his colleague Kostyz Novoselov. Previously, a student had tried to separate graphite into ten or even one hundred layers but only succeeded in obtaining a specimen of one thousand layers. Then Geim had the brilliant idea of using Scotch tape to peel off individual layers of graphite. Geim and Kostyz took pieces of tape and manually separated the graphite until one layer remained (Lucibella 2). After hours of work and several pieces of tape with thin pieces of graphite on them, the final step was ready (Fuente). The tape was dissolved in a solution, leaving behind a thin flake on the surface of the solution. A substance previously unknown to mankind was created (Lucibella 2). This amazing material was named graphene. It is a sheet of atoms that can be picked up (Sheriff). Surprisingly, it resembles a honeycomb; the crystal lattice is composed solely of hexagons (Berger). Graphene is highly versatile, it has many interesting properties and it can be used in various electrical and medical applications.
All forms of carbon can be represented by graphene. Graphite is stacked graphene. Buckyballs (carbon spheres) are just bent graphene. Even the famous carbon nanotubes can be made by rolling graphene into a cylinder (Berger). Basically, no known material compares to graphene. “Graphene has a high specific surface area (2630 square meters per gram), exceptional electrical conductivity (mobility of charge carriers at 200,000 square centimeters per Volt-second), great thermal conductivity (5000 watts per Kelvin-meter), and awesome mechanical strength (Young’s modulus 1100 Gigapascals)” (Shen et al). Graphene conducts heat better than any material, even metal or diamond....


... middle of paper ...


... Transparent Graphene and Boron-Nitride Films." Graphene-Info.com. Metalgrass Software, 02 Sept. 2012. Web. 16 Feb. 2014. Hyperlink
Patel, Prachi. "Writing Circuits on Graphene." MIT Technology Review. MIT Technology Review, 15 June 2010. Web. 16 Feb. 2014. Hyperlink
Shen, He, Liming Zhang, Min Liu, and Zhijun Zhang. "Biomedical Applications of Graphene." Theranostics. Ivyspring International Publisher, 2012. Web. 11 Feb. 2014. Hyperlink
Sheriff, Lucy. "The 10 Strangest Facts About Graphene." ZDNet. CBS Interactive, 10 June 2011. Web. 12 Feb. 2014. Hyperlink
Urquhart, James. "Graphene Speaks Volumes." Chemistry World. Royal Society of Chemistry, 26 Sept. 2012. Web. 16 Feb. 2014. Hyperlink
Warner, Jamie H., Franziska Schaffel, Mark Rummeli, and Alicja Bachmatiuk. Graphene: Fundamentals and Emergent Applications. Burlington, 17 Nov. 2012. Print. 21 Feb. 2014. Hyperlink

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Graphene's Extraordinary Properties Essays

- Graphene is a form of carbon which has recently been receiving a great deal of attention. Some have come to call it “the wonder material” due to its many extraordinary properties. Although isolated in 2004, graphene's properties had been calculated decades earlier. It consists of a single layer of carbon atoms arranged in a hexagonal lattice. A single sheet of graphene is stronger than steel and yet remains very flexible, retaining all of its properties despite being bent and unbent multiple times....   [tags: Carbon, Wonder Material]

Powerful Essays
2189 words (6.3 pages)

Essay on Graphene: Properties, Applications and Synthesis Methods

- Introduction Graphene has received great mass media coverage since Geim and Novoselov published their foundlings about monocrystalline graphitic films in 2004, which won them the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2010. (Novoselov et al, 2004) It has been described as the wonder substance or super material by the mass media, not only because it is the thinnest material ever known and the strongest ever measured, but also due to its excellent electrical, thermal, mechanical, electronic, and optical properties....   [tags: Graphene Research Paper]

Powerful Essays
3164 words (9 pages)

Essay about Graphene Is Amazing And It Will Change Our World

- Graphene Many people have not heard of graphene, well even if they have not they should know because they make it every day. Graphene is that little thing in the middle of your pencil that you use to write down your school work, “But that is Graphite,” people might say when in reality Graphite is layers of graphene stacked on top of each other it a little more chemicals with it. Graphene is amazing and it will change our world. What is Graphene Graphene is often called the miracle material and is made up of Carbon in a honeycomb lattice....   [tags: September 11 attacks, World Trade Center, Atom]

Powerful Essays
987 words (2.8 pages)

Essay on Graphene Supercapacitors

- Today I will be doing my technology research paper on the technology behind graphene supercapacitor. This is a very hot topic right now because a graphene supercapacitor is a very new technology. Scientist discovered how to create graphene in the early 1800’s however it has only been in the last couple years that they learned how to mass-produce graphene and how to create a supercapacitor from it. Which is a very good thing because the only technological bottleneck is a battery. Which is a very good thing because the biggest bottleneck currently would be batteries....   [tags: Graphene History, Uses, Benefits]

Powerful Essays
609 words (1.7 pages)

Cycloaddition of Dichlorocarbene onto Finite-Size Graphene Sheets: DFT Study

- Unique properties and perfect structures of fullerenes and carbon nanotubes (CNTs) predetermine their great influence on nanotechnologies. These nanoclusters demonstrate outstanding mechanical, physical, chemical, electronic and optical properties and have attracted enormous attention of researchers worldwide [1-7]. Graphene, planar sheet of sp2-bonded carbon atoms, is the fundamental component of graphite and carbon nanotubes. The discovery of Geim and Novoselov in 2004 [8] has generated intense activity on graphene research....   [tags: energy, graphene, properties]

Powerful Essays
714 words (2 pages)

An Analysis of Graphene and It's Uses Essays

- Graphene is a two dimensional structure that is formed into a honeycomb structure. The honeycomb structure is composed of carbon atoms that form the pattern of hexagons. These structures can form several other structures, which include cylinders, pentagons, and layers of graphene, which still have the same physical properties. The properties of the honeycomb structure allow the graphene to show the electronic properties it has. Since, the two dimensional structure is a flexible structure the properties of the honeycomb are shown....   [tags: physical chemistry]

Powerful Essays
1027 words (2.9 pages)

Essay on Understanding the Hydrogenation of Graphene

- Since its discovery in 2004 [1], Graphene has attracted a great deal of attention due to its remarkable structural and electronic properties[2]. However, one of its main drawbacks is the lack of a gap in its electronic structure, which can limit its electronic applications. My advisor, Jorge Sofo theorized graphane in 2007[3], which is essentially a 2D hydrocarbon with one hydrogen atom attached to each carbon within the graphene lattice. This opens an insulating gap within the electronic structure, and graphane’s creation was shown to be energetically favorable....   [tags: Research Analysis]

Powerful Essays
824 words (2.4 pages)

Graphene Channel Fabrication Essay

- In graphene channel FETs (referred to as GFETs), Si is used as substrate. Several layers of graphene held together by vander-waal's forces constitute Graphite. A stack of graphene layers of 1-5 nm thick called exfoilated graphene, is used as channel material [9,11]. These layers are extracted from graphite using an adhesive tape that sticks to the graphite material, and is then peeled off. This process is done repetitively until single or multiple layers of graphene remain on the tape....   [tags: substrate, semiconductor]

Powerful Essays
797 words (2.3 pages)

Wonder Woman: A Symbol of the Feminist Movement Essay

- "William Marston was an unusual man—a psychologist, a soft-porn pulp novelist, more than a bit of a carny, and the (self-declared) inventor of the lie detector. He was also the creator of Wonder Woman, the comic that he used to express two of his greatest passions: feminism and women in bondage."(Berlatsky, 2015) For over 60 years, Wonder Woman has filled the pages of her magazine with adventures ranging from battling Nazis, to declawing human-like Cheetahs. Her exploits thrilled and inspired many young girls, including Gloria Steinem....   [tags: Wonder Woman, Bondage, Feminism]

Powerful Essays
3230 words (9.2 pages)

Spider Silk is the Material of the Future Essay

- Spider Silk - the Material of the Future Abstract: Spider silk is well known for its strength yet elastic nature, and for this reason scientists and engineers from a wide variety of fields have begun researching its structure and the possibility and methods of synthesizing spider silk for industrial use. However, extraction of silk from spiders is not cost effective, so most research is focused on synthesis of spider silk either chemically or using DNA recombinant technology. Although research is still at an early stage and ongoing, it is only a matter of time before spider silk can be successfully synthesized for industrial use....   [tags: Material Silk]

Powerful Essays
1775 words (5.1 pages)