Grade inflation is the result of grading system which started in late nineteenth century. Grading systems are almost similar in many countries of the world. Rewarding students with number and letter system of grades started in the 1960s. This system was based on percentage grades, according to this system, students were evaluated through a scale of 100 points. The teacher would give student numbers of his assignment between 0 and 100. Which later on shifted to groups of percentage, each group was represented with a letter spanning from A to F. This A-F system is commonly used in schools and colleges in contemporary times. The moreover simple method of pass or fail was also used in 1960s (Moll).In past, Grading system used in US was similar to European grading systems that were based on competition and awarding prizes according to ranks. Since the conception of compulsory school systems, grading systems also changed.(Schneider, Hutt).
Grade inflation started in the late 1980s and a debate started over awarding frequent higher grades to most of students and disadvantages caused by this trend. Educationists criticized grade inflation and considered it catastrophic for the quality of academics...
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... increased the competition. They think that getting higher grades requires efforts, and it will motivate students to do more hard work to achieve “A” because most of their contemporaries will be getting above average grades.
Results gathered from different researchers on grade inflation have shown that no of students with higher grades has increased over the time whereas the quality of their skills and knowledge has not increased according to grades. This shows that quality of education has been affected by grade inflation, and there is a great need of deflation in grades. Education institutions should take steps to deflate the grades in the same manner as economists do in decreasing inflation in the economy. The primary purpose of education is to produce knowledgeable and competent people and grade inflation is causing hindrance in achieving this purpose.
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