Government Productivity Essay

Government Productivity Essay

Length: 978 words (2.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

1.) Productivity is defined as the relationship between resources used and results achieved¹. Improvement in this area means either obtaining more and better program output from a given level of resources or using fewer resources to maintain or improve a certain level of output. The federal government has a vital stake in improving the productivity of state and local governments for two primary reasons: (1) the national economy is strengthened as a result of improvements in the productivity and fiscal prospects of this key sector; and (2) the effectiveness and efficiency of the multitude of federal grant and regulatory programs using state and local governments to implement federal policies are directly related to the management capacity of those governments².
The productivity in state and local governments is lower than it could be, resulting in higher costs and/or lower levels of public services. State and local government operations do not have the profit incentive to improve productivity that exists in the private sector. However, substantial fiscal and performance benefits have been achieved by innovative state and local governments which have initiated productivity improvement programs. Productivity improvement has been used as a strategy to relieve growing fiscal pressures faced by state and local governments, but most state and local governments do not have significant, comprehensive productivity improvement programs. Major barriers preventing or limiting state and local improvement programs include internal resistance, the large initial investment needed to start a program, and the limited capacity of organizational systems. The most important impact of the federal government on state and local government productivity ...

... middle of paper ... develop.

Works Cited

Florida Center for Public Management. (2006, September). Is Productivity More Than a Slogan in Your Organization?

2 Statts, Elmer. (1978). State and Local Government Productivity Improvement: What is the Federal Role? GGD-78-104. Washington.

3 Milakovich, Michael E., and George J. Gordon. "Performance Management in the Public Sector." Public Administration in America. Tenth ed. Boston: Clark Baxter, 2009. 468-469. Print.

4 Stevenson, Richard W.. "The Nation; Breaking Up Is Hard. Merging Is Harder.." New York Times 23 June 2002: 1. Week In Review. Web. 18 Nov. 2011.

5 Landay, Johnathan S., and Shannon McCaffrey. "Chertoff Delayed Federal Respose, Memo Shows." Common Dreams. N.p., 14 Sept. 2005. Web. 18 Nov. 2011. .

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on Government Spending Effects On The Economy

- A government can only be as successful as the people whom it governs. The measure of its success is seen through the quality of life enjoyed by the population, which is obtained with a well balanced budget. This budget is entirely funded by the taxes imposed on the population, which is then allocated to various departments and programs. It goes without saying that the manner in which the government spends its money carries a large influence over the economy, both in the short-term and in the long-term....   [tags: Economics, Tax, Macroeconomics, Productivity]

Strong Essays
1445 words (4.1 pages)

Essay about Fixing the Canadian Productivity Lag

- In a November 2011 Globe and Mail Blog, the author concludes that lagging Canadian productivity up to 2008 (compared to the USA) has cost Canadians $7500 annually in disposable income. This was one of the conclusions of a model simulation conducted by the Conference Board of Canada (Arcane & Lefebvre, 2011). Additionally, the model relates that real GDP would have been $8500 higher in 2008 while corporate profits would have been 40 per cent higher and government revenues would have been 31 per cent higher (Grant, 2011), had Canada kept up with the USA....   [tags: Canadian Government ]

Strong Essays
2293 words (6.6 pages)

Productivity and Innovation Credit Helps Business Cope with Rising Costs of Overhead

- PIC (Productivity & Innovation Credit) is a scheme that has been implemented by the government to help businesses cope with rising operating costs such as rent and wages. To claim the PIC Cash Payout a business should fulfil the following 6 qualifications: 1. Lease or acquire IT (Information Technology) equipment. 2. License/acquire IP (intellectual Property) Rights. 3. Training fees. 4. Registration of designs, patents and trademarks. 5. Design projects. 6. Research and development activities. Leasing or acquisition of IT equipment is one of the activities that bring out the most expenditure when compared with the others on the list as an institution has to deal with computer software, comp...   [tags: government, rent, wages]

Strong Essays
615 words (1.8 pages)

Agricultural Productivity in Malawi Essay

- Increasing agricultural productivity has been the main agenda for agricultural experts in many countries including Malawi. Because of the effects of climatic change on agricultural productivity, researchers have found ways to improve productivity for smallholder and commercial farmers alike, the former for increased food security and the latter for increased profits. However, so many years after the introduction of the yielding varieties, still being developed by many researchers from the whole wide world, the globe is still facing food insecurity for most people on the planet earth....   [tags: soil, farm, crop]

Strong Essays
792 words (2.3 pages)

Productivity in The US Essay

- Productivity in the U.S. and What the Government Must Do John sits at home each night with his wife and two children and watches the news. He listens as experts on the economy tell him that the economy is growing and that the GDP is growing. He wonders how this can be, because he lost his job months ago and has not been able to find work since. Has the very country that John lives in moved on and left him behind. This is the question that many Americans are asking themselves, and many more will be soon....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

Free Essays
1092 words (3.1 pages)

Essay about Government Policies And Economic Growth Rate

- Government Policies and Economic Growth Rate Governments around the world are chartered with the goal of making their country’s economies grow and prosper. In doing so, governments rely on economists to help make decisions regarding policies that affect their economic productivity and standard of living. Productivity is defined by Mankiw, 2015 as “the quantity of goods and services produced from each unit of labor input” (p.239). Countries like the United States have a large economy with strong capital, such as physical, human, natural resources, and technological knowledge which allow a great output of goods and services or productivity (Mankiw, 2015, p....   [tags: Government, Economics, Policy, Economic growth]

Strong Essays
1342 words (3.8 pages)

Essay about The Role of the Government in the Economy

- The appropriate role of government in the economy consists of six major functions of interventions in the markets economy. Governments provide the legal and social framework, maintain competition, provide public goods and services, national defense, income and social welfare, correct for externalities, and stabilize the economy. The government also provides polices that help support the functioning of markets and policies to correct situations when the market fails. As well as, guiding the overall pace of economic activity, attempting to maintain steady growth, high levels of employment, and price stability....   [tags: Government]

Strong Essays
848 words (2.4 pages)

The Effect Of Remuneration On Productivity : Case Study At Pt Indonesia Essay

- The Effect of Remuneration on Productivity Case Study at PT. PAL INDONESIA - Gresik Abstract Low Productivity is the main cause of a company losing their income and position in the market. As a government-owned business, PT. PAL Gresik is also risked their income by having a low productivity. This research’s main goal is to understand what drive the people that is working in the government sector. The main variable used here is the remuneration effect toward productivity. Many suggested that the problem of government owned business is the lack of incentive and the ability of its people to go into higher level in the company....   [tags: Human resource management, Human resources]

Strong Essays
3269 words (9.3 pages)

Trade Offs For Productivity Improvements Essay

- Outsourcing occurs when products or services are obtained by an outside supplier (Vonderembse & White, 2013). Companies may decide to outsource if it can be obtained less expensively due to specialization or the other company may have proprietary technology that gives them a competitive advantage (Vonderembse & White, 2013). This paper will analyze trade-offs for productivity improvements, discuss both the advantages and disadvantages of global sourcing versus producing in the United States, recommend a low labor cost country based on inputs, trade-offs and global advantages and give an example of a product of the specific country....   [tags: Outsourcing, Better, Company, United States]

Strong Essays
971 words (2.8 pages)

Economics: Labor Productivity Essay

- QUESTION 3 ‘Labour productivity in the construction sector is dependent upon the quantity and quality of resources employed.’ Explain this statement. Labour economics is most concerned with studying the labour force as one of the prime elements in the process of production. Productivity is the measurement of efficiency, and it is figured by calculating the quantity of goods produced by the quantity of resources, labour and capital that are required to produce them. Some of the resources are more difficult to quantify than others....   [tags: construction sector, labour economics]

Strong Essays
1011 words (2.9 pages)