Within the architectural field, buildings often have the same base characteristics in their structure, but finer details vary considerably in order to convey a specific style or feel. Romanesque to Gothic transformed the round arch into a pointed one, flat vaults to geometric ones, and symmetrical features to asymmetrical ones, such as paired towers. The actual shapes of the churches are usually Latin Crosses or ‘t’s. These styles, Gothic and Romanesque, are embellished with ornamental precision and large towers for “aesthetic function” (Charles and Klaus 17). However, the way in which buildings are decorated is different between the styles. In Romanesque churches, there are often painted details depicting people or heavenly figures, such as in the St. Mark’s Basilica in Venice, Italy.1 On the other hand, the Gothic style makes use of detailed designs within their complex geometrical shapes. Tiny swirls, delicate columns, and pointed tops are common and can be s...
... middle of paper ...
...ty because of the nature of their cultural use and the time span they encompass. In early ages, towns were built around “the construction of a church” (Wertheimer 39). The churches at a town’s focal point more likely than not was symbolic of the towns people themselves having a religious core and belief system. The church was the authority system, but after the fall of the Roman empire, there were vast amounts of uncertainty concerning the laws of the land. As a result, heavy buildings “designed for safety, not comfort” were constructed to protect from invasions due to lack of unity (Wetheimer 40). This led to the associations made about Romanesque buildings having stronger supports and thicker walls. The Gothic style came later when the structure of society has been more defined, so defensive measures were not necessary and architects could focus more on aesthetics.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Romanesque and Gothic Architecture The 11th to 15th centuries saw a great surge of the Christian Church within Europe which was emphasized by the persuasiveness of the Crusades. The growing population of the Church increased the demand for the increased presence in architectural monuments and during the Romanesque and Gothic periods, a great cathedral construction boom occurred across Europe. The Romanesque and Gothic architectural styles were distinctive in not only the massiveness of the Romanesque monuments and the introduction of the cruciform plan but also for the introduction of the Gothic era art within the Cathedrals which included the inclusion of art the radiating Rose Window, co... [tags: History Architectural gothic Essays]
1140 words (3.3 pages)
- Romanesque v. Gothic Architecture Art is constantly changing because of influential people with great ideas. The Romanesque, and Gothic periods are no different. After the collapse of the Western Roman Empire, many Germanic tribes called the “Goths” adopted Christianity and gave birth to the Gothic art style, which is mostly present in architecture, that spanned from the 1200s to the 1300s. During the 1000s and the1100s the church began taking hold of Europe to become what was known as The Holy Roman empire, this period is known as the Romanesque period or “Period of the Church Triumphant”.... [tags: christianity, decorations, buildings]
631 words (1.8 pages)
- ... There are also large towers and arcades with great detail located throughout the buildings. Most of the layouts for the buildings were very symmetrical and often appeared very simplistic especially when compared to later Gothic styles. Most windows were small and did not allow a lot of light into the buildings so they were often dimly lit. A great example of Romanesque architecture is the Piazza dei Miracoli which use to be known as Piaxxa del Duomo and is located in Pisa, Tuscany, Italy. It is inside a large walled off area and is considered one of the foremost architectural buildings in the world and is an important part of European medieval art.... [tags: wealth, grow, innovate, create, structures]
706 words (2 pages)
- The Medieval period, which occurred in the years 401 until 1500, is a time in European history that fostered the development and widespread use of various architectural styles. Many structures built during this time still survive to this day, including St. Michael’s Church in Germany and Chartres Cathedral in France. Two of the most common and famous types of architecture during this period were the Romanesque and Gothic styles. Romanesque architecture borrows many of the same innovative engineering techniques the Romans used to build the structures of their vast and powerful empire, such as the rounded arch.... [tags: Gothic architecture, Romanesque architecture, Arch]
1126 words (3.2 pages)
- The Romanesque and Gothic architecture period both occurred during the Middle Ages with the Gothic period taking place during the later half. Gothic and Romanesque architecture were related in many ways, but they also contrasted in style too. Over time, masons began to test the waters and push the limits. They thought of new ways to add lighting and ways to allow more height to the building without it being to heavy and weak. Many of the reasons for the change in styles had a lot to do with society and the changes it faced.... [tags: Architecture]
1929 words (5.5 pages)
- Gothic art evolved from Romanesque art and lasted from the mid-12th century AD to the end of the 16th century. It was a particular style of Medieval art and was led by the concurrent development of Gothic architecture, established by the Basilica of St Denis. Through the influence of historical design methods, such as Islamic/Romanesque architecture and the impact the spread of Christianity had on Europe, Abbot Suger was able to develop a new style of architecture through his reconstruction of St Denis.... [tags: Gothic architecture, Romanesque architecture]
784 words (2.2 pages)
- Gothic vs. Romanesque Architecture Missing Figures Where are you when you wake up. Where are you when you are learning. Where are you when you go to pray. Where are you when you go to work. Where are you when you are having fun. The answer is that you are in a building or structure of some kind and style. All of the buildings and structures that one sees around them is designed and built with much thought and care. They are all designed and built by what we call architecture. According to Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary architecture is “the art or science of building; specifically: the art or practice of designing and building structures and especially habitable ones, a method or s... [tags: Architectural Style Buildings Essays]
2177 words (6.2 pages)
- Imagine a Christian cathedral. The image conjured up by the phrase “cathedral” is probably a massive stone building with soaring towers and spires, intricate ornamentations covering the building, and beautiful stained glass windows. If one imagined such a building in response to being asked to imagine a cathedral, one would be accurate. Why exactly are these attributes associated with cathedrals. Well, many cathedrals such as these were built during the Gothic period in medieval Europe. The Gothic style of architecture is an easily recognizable one with its unprecedentedly tall towers and wide windows.... [tags: Gothic architecture, Romanesque architecture]
1032 words (2.9 pages)
- The Roman use of the arches and columns made a great impact on structure and good looking buildings (“Ancient Roman Architecture”). Even though they based almost all of their architecture on making domes, some of their improvements in the use of material made a really great impact. The Holocaust memorial on Meridian Avenue at Miami Beach shows a really great resemblance to roman architecture, even though the roman temples were to honor the gods and the Holocaust memorial was to honor the dead of millions of Jews who died at the hands of the Nazis; the look of the columns show similar form to those used in Roman buildings like Maison Carree, Nimes.... [tags: Gothic architecture, Romanesque architecture]
1129 words (3.2 pages)
- How did medieval architecture change and develop from 800 to 1300 in Europe. Introduction Architecture made a great deal of changes and developments during the Middle Ages. This involved the types of architecture, the styles and the people who influenced or improved the constructions. It also affected and influenced medieval society and the modern world too. Early forms of medieval architecture The earlier designs of medieval architecture had features like pointed arches in the nave, window and doorways, small clusters of columns, pillars, small windows and thick walls.... [tags: Gothic architecture, Romanesque architecture]
1068 words (3.1 pages)
- Should Cigarettes Be Illegal? Cigarettes?
- Children 's Home Society Of California Informational Interview
- My Parents Raised Eight Children With The Belief Of Eating Healthy Foods
- Gender Roles Within Our Lives Society
- Wedding Speech : A Country Of Greeting Cards
- Marketing Strategy Of Coca Cola Company