In the beginning of Mark, the author does not include Jesus’ genealogy or his birth story like Matthew and Luke do. Instead, the gospel begins with John the Baptist and the baptism of Jesus. Interestingly, unlike Matthew and Luke, Mark’s author also does not mention or allude to Jesus’ earthly father, Joseph. An example of the intentional omission of Joseph is when Jesus is rejected at Nazareth. In Matthew, Joseph is alluded to when people ask, “Is not this the carpenter’s son?” (English Standard Version, Matt. 13.55a). In contrast, in Mark people ask, “Is not this the carpenter…”(Mark 6.3a). When compared with Matthew, it’s apparent that Mark’s wording was intentionally not alluding to Joseph.
One theory why the author of Mark omitted seemingly crucial parts of Jesus’ biography is because of the presentation of Jesus in the Gospel. Mark 1:1 begins, “The beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of God.” Even though Jesus was both God and man, the gospel of Mark fixates on Jesus’ divine nature. If Joseph and the account of Jesus’ birth was included, it could have left Mark’s initial audience with the attitude that Jesus was more earthly than heavenly. For whatever reason, Mark’s author excluding Jos...
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...ome as no surprise that the gospels of Matthew and Luke borrow from and expand on Mark. However, this does not mean that one should only read Mark because the “essentials” are all that’s needed in order to be a follower of Christ. Matthew and Luke have important material that Mark does not include. They also narrate from different perspective and with a different purpose. On the other hand, it also does not mean that reading Luke and Matthew will reveal everything you need to know about Mark, Mark merely includes details and wording that Matthew and Luke do not.
Therefore, in order to build a solid faith foundation and to live the life of a follower of Jesus, the gospels should be read in comparison with each other, but also independently. This method of studying can help us identify the gospel author’s original messages and it’s implication for a follower of Christ.
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