The Gods And The Affairs Of Mortals Essay

The Gods And The Affairs Of Mortals Essay

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Ariel Beniaminov
The gods in The Iliad frequently interfere with the affairs of mortals. The gods control and affect the lives of the mortals as they have certain favorites. Even though the gods are powerful, they do cannot alter the fate of mortals. The gods are committed to sustain the fate of each individual. At birth a mortal is given a preset destiny that cannot be altered not even by Zeus, king of the gods. However the will of Zeus can alter fates plan, but the gods choose to refrain from such actions. Destiny and fate are widely present as mortals are trapped by their own destinies. In The Iliad is every action predetermined and do mortals have the ability to alter fate with free will? Those who are aware of their destinies can choose to accept or deny their fate, which gives them to the opportunity to defy fate. If everything is predetermined then do mortals have the power to choose their outcomes?
It is important to understand that even though fate and destiny are similar they are not the same. Fate is the development of events beyond a person’s control, and is often determined by a supernatural power. While destiny is a course of events that will occur and is something that is usually inevitable such as death. Each person’s destiny is determined by the three sisters of fate who spin the thread that is measured and cut. It can be inferred that the gods are affected by fate but are not affected by destiny since they are immortal and cannot die. The fates and the gods work in unison even though the gods theoretically could go against the fates. Zeus’s will is authoritative and Zeus believes that what he decrees must be carried out without hesitation.
The gods know of the fate of the mortals. Zeus attempts to ch...


... middle of paper ...


...lter the destiny of Troy, which is futile since he is aware that Troy is destined to fall. The Trojans believe in the will of Zeus and gain courage and a glimmer of hope that they can win the war. Zeus’ golden scales determines fates and which implies that he cannot create fate as he relies on his scales to determine the outcomes of events.
The gods do grant skills and assets to certain mortals, which demonstrates the free will of the gods. The gods give the necessary traits to fulfill the mortals destiny.
‘“Hector, you are too intractable to listen to reason. Because the god granted you the actions of warefare, to one to be a dancer, to another the lyre and the singing, and in the beast of another Zeus of the wide brows establishes wisdom, a lordly thingand many take profit beside him and he saves many, but the man’s thought surpasses all others.’” (13. 726-34).


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