Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free Exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the Press; or the right of the People peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.
The idea of "making no law respecting an establishment of religion" was revolutionary for the time. The concept of separation of church and state is never explicitly claimed in any Founding document, rather it stems from the ideology of John Locke. Furthermore, it is later addressed in an 1802 letter by Thomas Jefferson written to the Danbury Baptists stating:
"Believing with you that religion is a matter which lies solely between Man & his God, that he owes account to none other for his faith or his worship, That the legitimate powers of government reach actions only, & not opinions, I contemplate with sovereign reverence that act of the whole American people which declared that their legislature should "make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof," thus building a wall of separation Between Church & State."
The first Constitutional Amendment cemented into place this divisional stance regarding government and church and would set a legislative ...
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...gions. People are killed everyday in the name of religion. Why then would our founding fathers allow religion to govern the very nation they were creating? They understood the problems associated with a religious-based government. Unfortunately, many today have lost sight of this. They look at it merely for themselves rather than look at the big picture. While morality in schools has decline, one cannot attribute that to lack of religion in academia. Likewise, the only fair solution to the problem is not a viable option. If our country was founded upon tolerance, diversity, and liberty, then we must uphold those values. Otherwise, we risk becoming a country of hypocrisy. The founding fathers had a vision for government, and it did not involve religion. As Patrick Henry said in his last speech; "United we stand, divided we fall." Religion creates division among people.
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