The very first idea of retributive justice is in Genesis 2:17 (KJV): “But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.” God makes this remark to Adam concerning the tree of knowledge in the Garden of Eden. In this verse, God gives Adam a law and a punishment for breaking said law. This punishment is not straightforward however, causing the interpretation of this word to be literal or spiritual death. The punishment God delivers to Adam and Eve after the breaking of this law is found in Gen 3:16-19, where God promises painful childbirth, the requirement of burdensome labor in order to live, and ultimate death. Following along with the definition of retributive justice, the punishment given by God does not allow for any form of rehabilitation...
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...did God choose to punish those who were doing his own divine will? Why is it that God brought punishments against a whole nation for one person’s decision to offend God? The answer is to show His own divine power is stronger than any other divine being’s. God wanted to let the people of Egypt and Babylon know that there is a stronger divine power than those they worshipped, and that divine being is the god of the Israelites. And as for punishing those who offended God and the people of Israel under the influence of God, Pharaoh chose to not let the Hebrews go into the desert, and God only gave him no chance to change his mind, and God did not punish Nebuchadnezzar, nor his children, but punished the third generation of Babylonians.
Regardless, God punishes a nation rather than the offender, which is a direct contradiction to the definition of retributive justice.
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