God? Essay examples

God? Essay examples

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God?
According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary, God is “a being or object believed to have more than natural attributes and powers and to require human worship; specifically: one controlling a particular aspect or part of reality.” (“God”). For a philosopher, however, this concept has proven to be more than a little difficult to solve. According to O’Brien in his book An Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge, “The philosophy of religion is (in part) concerned with whether such a belief is justified.” (177). The belief that O’Brien mentions as being problematic is the belief that the God worshiped by the monotheistic religions such as Judaism, Christianity and Islam is the “supernatural” being who is responsible for creating the universe and can control reality in some way (177). This God is intelligent and has the ability to interfere with human affairs if s/he sees fit, and is “omnipotent (able to do anything), omniscient (knows everything), perfectly good, and eternal.” (177). Many philosophers throughout the ages have tried to prove/disprove the existence of God—men such as René Descartes, George Berkeley, David Hume, Thomas Reid, Bertrand Russell, and Immanuel Kant. Each of these philosophers had a different take on the issue of God, some of them believed that they had proved his/her existence, some believed that they had disproved his/her existence, and the others came to the conclusion that we either can’t know that s/he exists or his/her existence essentially doesn’t effect our lives. Overall, the proposition of “God” creates many epistemological problems that are not easily solved, but there is an a priori argument and two empirical arguments that make valiant attempts.
René Descartes was one such philosopher who...


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... that God exists is the argument from miracles. This argument says that if miracles are true then God must exist, because s/he is the only being that could possibly violate the laws of nature. However, this theory relies to heavily on testimony and therefore cannot be counted as valid. In conclusion, there is no evidence to suggest that we can say with absolute certainty that we know that there is or is not a God.


Works Cited
"God." Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary. 2009. Merriam-Webster Online. 29 April 2009

Huemer, Michael, ed. Epistemology : Contemporary Readings. New York: Routledge, 2002.
"miracle." Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary. 2009. Merriam-Webster Online. 29 April 2009

O'Brien, Dan. An Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge. New York: Polity P, 2006.

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