God Knows All Things : Boethius 's Argument Essay

God Knows All Things : Boethius 's Argument Essay

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There are countless aspects that we could attribute to God. That he is eternal, immutable, infinite, the list goes on and on. However, one attribute of God that I found to be the most interesting and overall shocking to ask is whether we as humans have free will if God knows all things. This question has forever been a sense of conflict in my eyes, if God knew all things and knew how I would react in every situation then what is the point of this life? What then is the point to even believe in a God that would knowingly send me out into this world already knowing exactly how I would react to every situation? Boethius confronts this question with his consolation of philosophy; during this paper I will analyze Boethius’s argument as to why we retain our free will even though God knows all things.
Boethius’s argument is entirely contingent upon his definition of eternity. Boethius says that God has the ability of foreknowledge and knows all things past, present, and future because of his eternity. Eternity is defined by Boethius as being outside of temporality, to be inside of the temporal realm you have a beginning and an end whereas God does not. Instead of residing in the present that is known by humans God resides in an eternal present wherein God sees all things. Through this definition we see that God knows all things for the fact that he exists outside of time, his argument thus follows. Once we recognize that God is eternal and resides in this realm of an eternal present the idea that God has foreknowledge is no longer applicable. God therefore does have knowledge of the future but not through foreknowledge but through as Boethius states “a moment that never passes.” Through this eternality and living in a momen...


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...at God does not have sight of all things past, present, and future would dilute his perfection. Largely what Boethius has done for my beliefs in accordance with the ideal that God sees all things is to now reject the idea that Mormonism holds. Mormonism believes that God does not see all things; I would argue that by this deficiency he is not eternal. In the sense that he cannot see all things he therefore is temporal therefore he had a beginning and will thus have an end and therefore is not eternal. Eternality is a key attribute of God otherwise he would not be God therefore Boethius’s definition of eternality is substantial and accurate further his classification of free will is substantiated through this definition. God is thus blatantly eternal in the sense that he has been and always will be he is also eternal in the definition that Boethius supplied.



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