The Goal of the United States Criminal Justice System Essay

The Goal of the United States Criminal Justice System Essay

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Within the United States Criminal Justice System, it is not only goal to simply punish those who break the law, but to also reduce the level of criminal activity. In order to fulfill this important aspect of the Criminal Justice System, offenders must be rehabilitated and motivated to refrain from engaging in further criminal activity so that they do not return to prison. Since the early 1990’s, our country’s crime rate has been declining. Studies such as the Pew Safety Performance Project point out that this is an important goal for correctional systems to keep in mind, but it is not the only one. Pew Safety believes that ensuring the taxpayer dollars are spent effectively is also an important aspect of the correctional system. During the past twenty years, annual state and federal spending rose 305 percent due to the increasing prison population (700 percent). The U.S. Department of Justice study from the Bureau of Justice Statistics also took interest in the nation’s recidivism rate. By definition, recidivism is “the chronic tendency toward repetition of criminal or antisocial behavior patterns.”
In the 2011 Pew Safety Performance Project, researchers worked “with states to advance data-driven, fiscally sound policies and practices in the criminal and juvenile justice systems that protect public safety, hold offenders accountable, and control corrections costs” (Pew Center on the States). Due to the fact that, at the time of the study, states were “mired in a fiscal crisis and struggling with painful budget choices,” they wanted and needed to know what was working for the criminal justice system, and what was not, in regards to recidivism. Furthermore, Pew wanted to create a single source of state-level recidivism da...


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...ensive review of empirical research of meditative styles used a multitude of methods. In a study concerning Transcendental Meditation, which is a technique where an individual systematically develops a finer and increasingly subtle experience of conscious attention, offenders in La Tuna federal penitentiary near El Paso, Texas were introduced to a TM (Transcendental Meditation) program. Participants, 17 offenders that were from a narcotics rehabilitation program, were recruited in this two month controlled study.



Works Cited

Benson, E. (2003). American Psychological Association, 34(7), 46.
Himelstein, S. (2011). Meditation Research: The States of the At in Correctional Settings. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 55(4), 646- 661.
Pew Center on the States. (2011). State of Recidivism: The Revolving Door of America’s Prisons.

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