Globalization and Tourism Essay example

Globalization and Tourism Essay example

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Globalisation refers to the process of international integration and connection between countries, which occurs globally, affecting many aspects of society such as economic, cultural, social, political and religious ( Al Rodhan, 2006). Globalisation has been a continual and growing process for centuries; although the process has developed at a faster pace since the beginning of the 20th century. For the purpose of this essay, I will be assessing how the process of globalisation has affected tourism, with particular focus on tourism in Turkey.
Tourism is believed to have originated in the UK, as a result of the Industrial Revolution. The concept of travel as a way of spending one’s leisure time was promoted primarily to factory owners and traders, also referred to as the new middle class .(Bized, 2004)
With the growth of international trade and subsequently electronic commerce, tourism has now become one of the world’s fastest growing industries. Countries that excel in the tourism sector can benefit from stronger infrastructure and economy; creating jobs and supporting the local trade. The Middle East and Asia had the largest growth of tourism in 2010, although Europe still had the largest volume of tourists. Studies have shown that there is a positive correlation between the level of tourism in a country, and the countries’ position in the global context. According to the World Tourism Organisation, the top ten most visited countries across the globe are France, U.S.A, China, Spain, Italy, Turkey, U.K, Germany, Malaysia and Mexico respectively. In 2013, Turkey had almost 40 million international tourist arrivals; an 8.7% increase from 2011, and ranked as the 6th most popular tourist destination.
Globalisation has massively aff...


... middle of paper ...


...provide efficient economy with the tourism sector. Right along with this information, Turkey needs to make some little regulations in the tourism sector to remove the negative impacts, also Turkey should not depend upon the tourism, and the country must improve the other sectors.



Works Cited

Nayef R.F. Al Rodhan (2006). Definitions Of Globalization:A Comprehensive Overview and proposed definition. Genava: GCSP. pg2
Bized. (2004). Historical Development. Available: http://www.bized.co.uk/sites/bized/files/docs/history.ppt . Last accessed 28.05.2014.
Erzurum Winter Universiade Gençlik ve Spor Genel Müdürlüğü. (2011).winter olympics. Available: http://www.erzurum2011.gov.tr/. Last accessed 28.05.2014.
World Tourism Organization. (2011). International tourism, receipts.Available: http://www.indexmundi.com/facts/turkey/international-tourism. Last accessed 26.05.2014.

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