Globalization and Health Risks in Asia Essay

Globalization and Health Risks in Asia Essay

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On the whole, community nutrition programmes, as such, are developed in both urban and rural settings and, over the last decades, have developed towards programmes with quite an extensive ecological and participative approach at different levels: individual, family, community, society, cultural, economic and political.
I have learned that globalization is one of the greatest challenges to which people and public and nutrition health professionals are currently confronted (McMichael & Beaglehole, 2000). Although, there is an increasing number of publications related to the influence of globalization on health (Woodward et al. 2002), there is no clear agreement on the ways or the mechanisms by which the occurrence of globalization influences the health and the nutritional condition of the populations of developing countries, or on the appropriate political solutions to solve the problems founded on such change. In any case, this increase of exchanges, not only financial but also human and cultural, has a series of effects (unidentified) on the nutritional health of the populations and raises new ethical and health questions (Kickbusch & de Leeuw, 1999).
Risk of Chronic Degenerative Diseases
Over the past few decades, rapid changes in standards of living, population structure (primarily due to decreasing fertility rates and improved infant survival) and income growth have stimulated the epidemiological transition within many Asian countries. Non-communicable diseases such as diabetes mellitus, stroke, heart attack, cancer and respiratory diseases account for 34% of years of life lost, globally. According to World Health Organization, in East Asia, this figure ranges from 24-25% in Lao and Cambodia, to 73-76% in Singapore and J...

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