Plants are vital to the planet because of their ability to convert carbon dioxide and water into oxygen and food for themselves, which later can become a food source for an herbivore. More importantly since plants are able to absorb carbon dioxide their large numbers can be used to mitigate the effects of climate change. The problem is since the population is growing exponentially more and more land is being cleared for agriculture. This deforestation is reducing the number of active photosynthetic organisms, thus reducing carbon dioxide uptake (Melillo et al. 1996). It is clear to see that plants are crucial not only for slowing down climate change but also for the persistent of all life on earth. With that in mind, what are the mechanisms used by plants to survive the ever changing climate? Furthermore, what are some of the intrinsic and extrinsic factors that determine what strategy the plant life will be better of using?
Tolerance is one of the several ...
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...ter storage of energy and nutrients as well as avoidance of cytoplasmic acidosis in plants that have been newly introduced to anaerobic conditions, which could be caused by flooding of the plants habitat (Vartapetian and Jackson 1997). Selective pressures and evolution typically bring about the traits expressed by these plants, therefore they require time to be expressed within a population. This is an issue associated with adaptability as a strategy because it requires time for the traits to be expressed. Furthermore, depending on the rate of climate change adaptation may not be able to respond quickly enough to battle the increasing temperatures and will lead to the eventual death of the plant (McKinney and Lockwood 1999). While tolerance and adaptability limit a plant movement the next strategy gives a plant the ability to relocate to a more suitable environment.
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