Policy and management networks are widely used around the world at both the national and international levels. These networks are conceptualized, perceived, and studied in different ways around the globe. Major examples of applications of networks in other countries are the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), United Nations (UN), and International Space Station (ISS). This concept paper will increase understanding of policy networks from a global perspective and offer specific examples.
Conceptualization of Policy Networks
Global public policy networks originated from the two forces of liberalization and technological revolution (Reinicke, Deng, et al.). Economic liberalization refers to the opening of markets, and political liberalization refers to greater democracy. Technological revolution, particularly in information technology, leads to more complexity in social, cultural, and economic relations. These two forces cause operational and participatory governance gaps. Operational gaps refer to a lack of information, technology, and tools. Participatory gaps refer to the exclusion of the public or particular stakeholders from policymaker deliberations (Reinicke, Deng, et al.). Global public policy networks aim to close these gaps by complementing public policy institutions through certain activities, such as placing new issues on the global agenda, acting as a facilitator in the negotiation of global standards, gathering and disseminating knowledge, creating new markets and deepening existing markets, and employing innovative mechanisms for traditional intergovernmental treaties (Reinicke, Deng, et al., Year, Page).
The emergence of global policy networks was part of the public sector refo...
... middle of paper ...
...etwork alliances: A longitudinal analysis of an international professional service network. Organization Science, 10(5), 638-53.
McNutt, K. & Pal, L.A. (2011). “Modernizing Government”: Mapping Global Public Policy Networks. Governance: An International Journal of Policy, Administration, and Institutions, 24(3), 439-467.
OECD. 2007. Istanbul Declaration.
Rai, S. (2007). In India, Grandma Cooks, They Deliver. New York Times. May 29.
Reinicke, W. H., Deng, F.M. et al. (2000). Critical Choices: The United Nations, Networks, and the Future of Global Governance. Global Public Policy Institute.
Siegel, D. A. (2011). Social networks in comparative perspective. Political Science and Politics, 44(1), 51-54.
Tang, C. & Tang, S. (2014). Managing Incentive Dynamics for Collaborative Governance in Land and Ecological Conservation . Public Administration Review, 74(2), 220–231.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Introduction The United Nations World Public Sector Report 2001 concluded that countries, which were successful in gaining benefits of globalization, were generally those which had the most developed and comprehensive public sectors. United Nations lays emphasis on revitalization of public administration to improve its performance since it plays an important role in accomplishing important development goals. The Public Administration and Development (PAD) report of the United Nations reviews measures adopted in the process of revitalization of the public sector over the last few years and emphasizes the lessons learned by the Member States while doing the same.... [tags: Public Administration in Developing Countries]
1827 words (5.2 pages)
- Government research essay There are two main recourses will be used in this critical research essay, these two chapters from two books are good upon this essay question. The first item is ‘social networks’, the third chapter from ‘interactivity-new media, politics and society’ which written by Alec Charles. In this chapter, Charles adduced how the multimedia interactively changed the lifestyle of citizen and media industry with various new media communication technologies rising. The other chapter ‘policy in an age of information” which has chosen from ‘Australian politics in a digital age’ is also a significant and essential recourse to analyze this question.... [tags: digital technology]
875 words (2.5 pages)
- For most ambitious companies in today's complex business environment, gaining competitive advantage and achieving expansion in capacity often requires internationalising operations and entering new markets with the goal of building a broader and more diversified customer base. However, internationalisation typically presents the problem of how to establish the company’s business or brand in a foreign market, considering the cultural and contextual differences in global markets (De Mooij, 1998). Due to the spread of globalisation and the convergence of markets and economies, it has been increasingly acknowledged that a broad range of products and services can potentially have a global appeal... [tags: Global Marketing and Advertising]
3004 words (8.6 pages)
- Risks in Highway Projects Infrastructure and specifically transportation projects are complex endeavors and risk assessment for them is a complicated process. Risks are often interrelated or correlated to each other and occurrence of some might cause other risks to occur. For example, technical risk usually carries cost and schedule consequences. Schedule risks typically impact cost escalation and project overhead. Consequently, likelihood of a risk’s occurrence and its impact on the scope of a specific context of the project, must be carefully considered.... [tags: Risk management, Risk, Finance, Value at risk]
1025 words (2.9 pages)
- Institute for Supply Management, INDIA (ISMS-INDIA) based in Gurgaon (Delhi-NCR), which have many chapters in major, cities of India. ISM-INDIA is affiliated to Institute for supply management in the USA which is the world’s largest institute for supply chain management. The main aim of cooperation is to provide opportunities for the promotion of supply management professions and expansion of skills and knowledge of professionals. ISM-INDIA works with many MNC’s, major companies and public sector of India in professionalizing supply management activities.... [tags: Supply chain management, Management, Supply chain]
1159 words (3.3 pages)
- LANs: Local Area Networks Local Area Networks also called LANs have been a major player in industrialization of computers. In the past 20 or so years the worlds industry has be invaded with new computer technology. It has made such an impact on the way we do business that it has become essential with an ever-growing need for improvement. LANs give an employer the ability to share information between computers with a simple relatively inexpensive system of network cards and software. It also lets the user or users share hardware such as Printers and scanners.... [tags: essays research papers]
888 words (2.5 pages)
- ... The days of honeycombing, ingress and egress tractor trailer issues, and inadequate number of docks positions within traditional warehouse operations are moving out as the emergence of state-of-the art operations are moving in. Another key component to the selection of a state-of-the art WMS is to first conduct a business needs assessment, before you go through the process of selecting a WMS, you must match business requirements to functionality (Ruriani, 2003). Guarding against future obsolescence is a must in the selection of a state-of-the art WMS, it must be able to accommodate future sales and growth and is adaptable to the next generation of technology that is available.... [tags: operations management analysis]
679 words (1.9 pages)
- “The design and management of seamless value added process across organizational boundaries to meet the real needs of the end customer” – INSTITUTE OF SUPPLY MANAGEMENT Institute for Supply Management, INDIA (ISMS-INDIA) based in Gurgaon (Delhi-NCR), which have many chapters in major, cities of India. ISM-INDIA is affiliated to Institute for supply management in the USA which is the world’s largest institute for supply chain management. The main aim of cooperation is to provide opportunities for the promotion of supply management professions and expansion of skills and knowledge of professionals.... [tags: Supply chain management, Management, Supply chain]
1185 words (3.4 pages)
- Remote Access Solutions Remote access Remote access is defined as the ability of a user to log onto a network from a distant location. This is accomplished with a remote computer connected to the distant network. Whereas remote control refers to taking control of another computer, remote access means that the remote computer becomes a work station on the network. Communication between the network facility equipment and the remote computer is accomplished through a data link. The only difference between a remote user and workstations connected directly to the network is slower data transfer speeds.... [tags: Networks Telecommunications]
1444 words (4.1 pages)
- The Role of Canada in the Global Village Over the years, ICT, information communication technologies, has lead to a smaller world. A world where information can be transmitted instantaneously, a world where the quality of the information received has vastly improved. This information highway era has become so efficient that it has created a "global village". Canada is placed in a rather unique societal position today in this global village. It stands out from the rest of the world with its culturally diverse population, community networking and experts in the field.... [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]
1288 words (3.7 pages)