First, both liberals and realists agree that international system is anarchic and survival of the state is the primary interests (Marten 9/19/2011). Contrary to liberalism, realists believe that international anarchy encourages states to concern about relative gains and distribution of power given the fungible nature of power (Jervis 2011: 335). However, thinking of international relations as a zero-sum game does not necessitate mindless offensive actions. Instead, just as Mearsheimer suggests, states “think carefully about the balance of power and about how other states will react to their moves” (35). As a result of these power considerations, the balance of...
... middle of paper ...
Morgenthau, Hans J. “The Balance of Power.” From Hans J. Morgenthau, Politics among Nations: The Struggle for Power and Peace. 4th ed. (New York: Knopf, 1967), Chaps. 11, 12, 14. Rpt. in Essential Readings in World Politics. Eds. Mingst, Karen A. and Jack L. Snyder. 4th ed. New York: W. W. Morton, 2011. 99-104.
Shelling, Thomas C. “The Diplomacy of Violence.” From Thomas C. Schelling, Arms and Influence (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1966), Chap. 1. Rpt. in Essential Readings in World Politics. Eds. Mingst, Karen A. and Jack L. Snyder. 4th ed. New York: W. W. Morton, 2011. 326-334.
Snyder, Jack L. "Correspondence: Defensive Realism and the 'New' History of World War I," International Security 33, no. 1 (Summer 2008): 174-194.
Wohlforth, William C. “Realism and the End of the Cold War.” International Security 19, no. 3 (Winter 1994/5): 91-129.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- This is a sensitive theme and topic to focus on in this discussion. India as a British colony has suffered centuries of over-exploitation by its colonial masters and since gaining independence it has tried desperately but unsuccessfully to come to terms with the impact of this exotic presence of foreigners in their beloved country which was possibly diametrically opposed to their culture and temperament. However it should be noted that this western culture has aggressively spread over the world and as much as the Indians opposed it, they finally had to embrace it as it is an inevitable consequence.... [tags: global politics, India, oppression]
2760 words (7.9 pages)
- Global competition and Manifest Destiny on the Cusp of the 20th century 1. Describe the so-called “civilized world at this time. Answer It was the time of imperialism were one quarter world was claimed as a colony. European countries claimed all of Africa and parts of Asia as a colony, mostly for territory than raw materials and commerce. There were new theories of evolution that supported the idea of western superiority. In America presidents would use any foreign relations squall for their own purposes to gain power and popularity.... [tags: Woodrow Wilson, World War I, World War II]
1396 words (4 pages)
- Following the roughly three hundred year long witch craze spanning from the fifteenth to eighteenth century, the concept of witch-hunting transformed from the literal extermination of witches (devil worshippers) into having a new meaning that arose from events experienced throughout the twentieth century. This meaning encompasses acts of accusation, mass hysteria and even extermination of a particular group of people who are presumed to pose a threat against the accuser(s) or a particular group of people.... [tags: Nazi Germany]
1816 words (5.2 pages)
- There are many different views on whether global warming is actually real or not and possible catastrophic damage it causes. It is a big issue in politics now, everyone is arguing whether or not it is actually real or that it is just a weather pattern. People need to wake up and realize that it is real, just look at the shorter winters and the warmer weather. The Glaciers are melting, crazy weather patterns are happening, so what else could it be. We have more things to worry about as a government though.... [tags: Global Warming Essay]
2220 words (6.3 pages)
- Modernisation Theory 1950s-1960s Modernisation emerged in the late 1950s and early 1960s; it was constructed from a newly profound position that was taken by America in terms of its international hegemony based on the concern to eradicate social problems faced by poor countries. However in the late 1960s there was an involvement of the US in Vietnam due to modernisation programs that failed. This led to the emergence of a Marxist dependency school that aimed to challenge modernisation school. The battle between dependency and modernisation theory emerged and it later became subside.... [tags: modernisation, policy, politics]
1560 words (4.5 pages)
- Scientists have established that if we do nothing to cut greenhouse-gas emissions up to the year 2100, the planet’s sea level will rise 14-32 feet. Global warming has been a growing problem in daily life for people around the globe. From rising temperatures to rising sea levels, anyone can attest to the effects of global warming every day. Leader’s choices are huge factors on this change and will be for years to come. When making impactful policies that may affect global warming, leaders should consider greenhouse gas emissions, the possible usage of renewable energy, and the effectiveness of the policy on plants and wildlife.... [tags: Global warming, Greenhouse gas, Climate change]
950 words (2.7 pages)
- A breakdown of the dominate international theories practiced during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries showed the trend away from realism, where power politics for the control of land dominated foreign policies, to liberalism, with the international economic interdependence and the development of international nongovernment agencies. International politics ceased to be an all for one attitude as modern technology brought global economies and social awareness that spanned the world. Empires and imperialism marked the nineteenth century.... [tags: Government]
1270 words (3.6 pages)
- The technological developments of the first half of the twentieth century, the wave of new imperialism and industrialization, and the conflicts occurring on a global scale, including World War I and World War II, created a global environment that fostered further interaction and conflict. Between 1900 and 1945, the relationship between the West (North America and Europe) and Africa continued to be based on the colonialism established earlier while the relationship between the West and Latin America continued to be minimal and mostly based on economics as opposed to politics; however, the relationship between the West and Asia changed as it grew more and combative.... [tags: economics, conflicts, manufacture]
1107 words (3.2 pages)
- The last hundred years has seen the downfall of European centred multilateralism and imperialism (Schroeder 1986), the rise and fall of the Soviet Union as a bi-polar super power, and the steady hand of American dominance in international politics and economics, causing some to call it ‘The American Century ’. Despite The United State’s victory in the Cold War, the quick advancement of Asia, and in particular China, have led others to question the USA’s position as a unilateral power in the 21st century.... [tags: Cold War, US power, China]
1879 words (5.4 pages)
- Global Warming: Fact Vs. Fiction Global Warming -- the gradual increase in planet-wide temperatures -- seems to be accepted by many scientists and people now as fact. Generally, this warming is attributed to the increase of green-house gases in the Earth's upper atmosphere. However, some solar scientists are considering whether the warming exists at all. And, if it does, might it be caused, wholely or in part, by a periodic but small increase in the Sun's energy output.... [tags: Environmental Global Climate Change]
1560 words (4.5 pages)