The recent Global Financial Crisis (GFC) initially began with the collapse of credits and financial markets, which caused by the sub-prime mortgage crisis in the US in 2007. The sub-prime mortgages were given to high-risk lenders (with bad credit history) who were in danger of defaulting, which eventually caused a global credit crunch, where the banks were unwilling to lend to each other. In October 2008, the collapse of the major financial institutions and the crash of stock markets marked the peak of this global economic slowdown (Euromonitor International, 2008).
Although the origin of the GFC might have been the housing and financial crisis in the US, it affected both developed and developing countries in a devastating way. More specifically, the crisis has destroyed global financial systems and government budges, strike the confident and security of financial markets. It was universally recognized the worst global economic downturn since the Great Depression in the 1930s (Ciro, 2012). Before the financial crisis, the increasing food and oil prices had affected the non-producers and because of the developed economies are more integrated within the global financial systems and markets, they were the worst affected by the GFC in the short term. Developing countries were looking more optimistic in the short term as their economies were not as integrated into the global financial market system. Nevertheless, the escalated impact of the crisis did affect the real economy of developing countries especially on the export-orientated nations. As the demand of goods and services has been weakening from the developed countries, the output of manufacturing or services companies decreas...
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Ashworth, J. (2013). Quantitative Easing by the Major Western Central Banks During the Global Financial Crisis. Retrieved from http://www.dictionaryofeconomics.com/article?id=pde2013_Q000016#header
Smaghi, L. (2009, Aprl 28). Conventional And Unconventional Monetary Policy. Speech at the International Centre for Monetary and Banking Studies (ICMB), Geneva. Retrieved from http://www.bis.org/review/r090429e.pdf
IMF Staff Position Note. (2009, March 6). The Case for Global Fiscal Stimulus. Retrieved from http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/spn/2009/spn0903.pdf
Bernanke, B. (2009, January 13). The Crisis and the Policy Response. Speech at the Stamp Lecture, London School of Economic, London, England. Retrieved from http://www.federalreserve.gov/newsevents/speech/bernanke20090113a.htm
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