First, what position each party have on the issue is important to understand. Currently, the Republican Party believes that global climate change is not a result of human activity (Eilperin 2013). Republicans argue that this issue is the result of natural forces. On the contrary, the Democratic Party argues that global climate change is the result of human activity, especially industries such as coal mines and factories that have huge carbon footprints (Eilperin 2013). Moreover, global climate change could also be the result of pollution from automobile emissions. Proposals have been made to address the issue such as closing coal mines or introducing heavy taxes on industries that have high levels of pollution (Hope 2014). However, republicans argue that this method of addressing the issue will affect the economy because of the increase in unemployment due to the closing of industries such as coal mines.
This brings us to the next point. Many members of Congress represent districts that their economy relies on industries such as coal mines (Adragna 2014). Closing such industries will hurt their districts. Not only will their district be impacted by such government action, but their reelection will also be negatively aff...
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...ctivity of passing a policy will be low because of Congress’ inclination to be contentious. Each party will take action to obstruct one another in order to satisfy their own party views.
The relationship between the president and Congress is defective. Each institution has tools to influence one another. It is more difficult for presidents to work with Congress when polarization has greatly influenced Congress’ reluctance to work with the president. Therefore, there are times where the president must take action himself by acting unilaterally such as issuing executive orders. By doing so, perhaps Congress could work together along with the president to address issues important to the nation. Furthermore, the relationship between the president and Congress could possibly become better by both institutions using their power by means that could get legislation passed.
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