Glaucon begins his argument to Plato by separating goods into three classes. The first class is composed of intrinsic goods that we welcome for our own sake, stripped of their consequences, such as happiness. The second class is the type of good that we like for our own sake as well as its consequences, such as health and knowledge. The third class is an extrinsic good that we desire only for their consequences, such as physical training and medical treatment. Plato believes that justice belongs in the second class of goods that we like because of itself and its consequences, while Glaucon suggests that it belongs in the third class of...
... middle of paper ...
...cting unjustly. Therefore, justice is determined to be intrinsically valuable from the negative intrinsic value of injustice that was demonstrated, as well as from parts of the soul working together correctly. Glaucon also wants Plato to show that a just life is better than an unjust life. It has been shown that when the soul is in harmony, it only acts justly. It is in a person’s best interests to have a healthy soul, which is a just soul, so that the person can be truly happy. This means that by showing justice has an intrinsic value, it can also be concluded that it is better to live a just life opposed to an unjust life. The conclusion that I have drawn is that Plato’s argument against the intrinsic value of injustice is sufficient to prove that the just life is superior, even if the unjust life may be more profitable.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- In this essay, I argue that it is better to lead a life of justice than a life of injustice. In The Republic of Plato, Socrates sets out to determine what justice is. He and a group of his peers discuss justice, its core tenants, and what it means to lead a just life. Socrates is then accosted by three of his peers. Their argument is that the man who leads a life of injustice will be happier, make more profits, and succeed in life more than the man who is just. Socrates argues each of these claims until his peers admit that they have been bested by his logic.... [tags: Soul, Plato, Justice, Ethics]
2040 words (5.8 pages)
- In this essay I will defend the claim that happiness in the terms of Eudaimonism is not a sufficient enough argument to answer Glaucon’s Challenge. In the first section, I will explain the challenge by describing the different classifications of goods and how Glaucon’s definition of virtue places it at the lowest category. In the second section I will explain the notion of happiness in terms of Eudaimonism and how it relates to the challenge. In the final section I will explain how Julia Annas’ connects virtue and happiness via Eudaimonism to answer Glaucon’s Challenge, but how her response is not sufficient enough to elevate virtue to a higher level of goodness.... [tags: Virtue, Ethics, Plato, Meaning of life]
1564 words (4.5 pages)
- In society we have laws in order to keep order and safety for citizens. The rulers set these laws for the common people to obey. In book I of “The Republic of Plato” by Allan Bloom, the meaning of justice is debated in book I and II. Thrasymachus ' definition of justice is challenged by the different views of the characters in the book. This in fact, claims to question whether justice is always the better path to decision making, morality and educating individuals. The book acknowledges various interpretations of justice.... [tags: Plato, Justice, Meaning of life, Human]
931 words (2.7 pages)
- In reading the Republic, there is no reason to search for arguments which show that Platonic justice ('inner justice' or 'psychic harmony') entails ordinary justice. The relationship between inner justice and ordinary justice is of no importance in Plato's Republic. We note that Plato tries to argue from the very first book that the true source of normativity lies in knowledge attained by philosophical reason. What is crucial, then, is the relationship between inner justice and acts which brings about a just polis.... [tags: Philosophy Justice Plato Papers]
4423 words (12.6 pages)
- Philosophy is a Greek word meaning "love of wisdom." Throughout Plato's Republic, wisdom plays an important role. According to Plato, education is wisdom and all of our knowledge is not acquiring information, but remembering it from the past. He felt that wisdom is a skill that comes to us naturally as we are just removing the veil of ignorance. His search for the true meaning of justice leads to a discussion with his peers of education and what part it should play in the ideal state that they have developed.... [tags: World Literature]
1362 words (3.9 pages)
- Plato begins to build this conception of the idea of justice in response to the challenge that Glaucon and Adeimatus presents. He takes the idea of constructing justice on the larger scale, in the city and comparing to what it would be like within the individual. In Plato ideology it is not possible for an individual to understand justice unless they fully comprehend their role in the community. He starts his city with division of labours, with craftsman and farmers. A community were everyone specializes in their trade.... [tags: Ethics, Virtue, Plato, Nicomachean Ethics]
952 words (2.7 pages)
- Most normal individuals in the modern world would assume that all books written, not published, by man are based on either a portion of the author’s imagination, an event (biased or non-biased) in either history or during the life of the author, a straight-out autobiography, or a generalized biography of another person they once knew. However, this philosophical novel fits none of the descriptions above. The book is actually an in-depth recording of a philosophy contest between Plato’s teacher Socrates and several other great philosophers.... [tags: essays research papers]
1916 words (5.5 pages)
- First, it is necessary to define what a form is and to establish the role Book I plays in the overall scheme of The Republic. A form, according to Plato’s Socrates, is the very essence of a thing and represents the most substantive part of reality. Book I sets the foundation for the subsequent nine books, and introduces the concept of justice as a main theme. Socrates and other characters, such as Thrasymachus, Polemarchus, and Cephalus are responsible for the original definitions of justice and the challenges defining it entails.... [tags: Plato, Soul, Aristotle, Epistemology]
1118 words (3.2 pages)
- In Book one of the Republic of Plato, several definitions of justice versus injustice are explored. Cephalus, Polemarchus, Glaucon and Thracymicus all share their opinions and ideas on what actions they believe to be just, while Socrates questions various aspects of the definitions. In book one, Socrates is challenged by Thracymicus, who believes that injustice is advantageous, but eventually convinces him that his definition is invalid. Cephalus speaks about honesty and issues of legality, Polemarchus explores ideas regarding giving to one what is owed, Glaucon views justice as actions committed for their consequences, and Socrates argues that justice does not involve harming anybody.... [tags: Cephalus, Polemarchus, Glaucon]
1279 words (3.7 pages)
- Plato's Republic In Plato’s Republic, Glaucon is introduced to the reader as a man who loves honor, sex, and luxury. As The Republic progresses through books and Socrates’ arguments of how and why these flaws make the soul unhappy began to piece together, Glaucon relates some of these cases to his own life, and begins to see how Socrates’ line of reasoning makes more sense than his own. Once Glaucon comes to this realization, he embarks on a path of change on his outlook of what happiness is, and this change is evidenced by the way he responds during he and Socrates’ discourse.... [tags: Plato Republic Glaucon Essays]
1033 words (3 pages)
- Analysis of the Movie, The Dark Knight
- The Three Types of Annoying People
- Analytical Essay on Tim Burton's Style in Film Directing- Edward Scissorhands
- Comparing and Contrasting the Han and Roman Civilizations
- Nomadic Qualities of Ancient Civilizations in China and Greece
- Salvation Through Human Suffering in Crime and Punishment