Tennessee Williams was born on March 26, 1911. He was the second child of Edwina and Cornelius Coffin Williams. His father was a shoe salesman who spent most of his time away from home. Edwina was a “southern belle” she was snobbish and her behavior was neurotic. As a child, Williams suffered from diphtheria which almost ended his life. Williams attended Soldan High School, a setting he referred to in The Glass Menagerie. Later, he attended University City High School. He then attended the University of Missouri. (Tennessee)
In the late 1930s the young playwright struggled to have his work accepted. During the winter of 1944–45, his "memory play" The Glass Menagerie was successfully produced in Chicago garnering good reviews. It moved to New York where it became an instant and enormous hit during its long Broadway run. Between 1948 and 1959, seven of his plays were performed on Broadway: Summer and Smoke (1948), The Rose Tattoo (1951), Camino Real (1953), Cat on a Hot Tin Roof (1955), Orpheus Descending (1957), Garden District (1958), and Sweet Bird of Youth (1959). By 1959 he had earned two Pulitzer Prizes, three New York Drama Critics' Circle Awards, three Donaldson Awards, and a Tony Award. On February 25, 1983, Williams was found dead in his room at the Elysee Hotel in New York at age 71. According to the medical examiner, Williams died from choking on the cap from a bottle of eye drops he used. It was said that his drug usage suppressed his gag reflex. Forensic detective and expert Michael Baden reviewed the medical files in regard to Williams's death, and stated that the results showed that Williams died of a drug and alcohol overdose, not from choking. (Tennessee)
... middle of paper ...
Bloom, Harold, Frank Durham, and Nancy M. Tishcler. Tennessee Williams's The Glass Menagerie. New York: Bloom's Literary Criticism, 2007. Google Books. Web.
"Telling It Like It Isn’t." Tennessee Williams’s “The Glass Menagerie,” review: The New Yorker. Tennessee Williams’s “The Glass Menagerie,” review: The New Yorker,n.d.Web.12January2014.http://www.newyorker.com/arts/critics/theatre/2010/04/05/100405crth_theatre_lahr?currentPage=1.
Debusscher, Gilbert. "Tennessee Williams's Dramatic Charade--Gilbert Debusscher." Tennessee Williams's Dramatic Charade--Gilbert Debusscher. n.p., n.d. Web. 12 January 2014. http://www.tennesseewilliamsstudies.org/archives/2000/4debusscher.htm.
"Tennessee Lanier Williams." 2014. The Biography Channel website. Jan 22 2014, 07:15 http://www.biography.com/people/tennessee-williams-9532952.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Most objects are often regarded based on its physical appearance but often more times than not there is a deeper meaning behind them. Objects often have more symbolic meanings to them than what meets the eye, and if we take the time to really look below the surface we can often come to a much deeper understanding. In “The Glass Menagerie” written by Tennessee Williams, he uses a glass unicorn to symbolize one of the main characters, Laura Wingfield, to represent her life as an outcast, her fragility, and her prosperous ways when she is in the right company.... [tags: The Glass Menagerie, Tennessee Williams]
735 words (2.1 pages)
- The Glass Menagerie by Tennessee Williams was a memory play written in 1941. The small cast of characters included Amanda, a southern belle who still lives in the past of her younger days. Tom, the dedicated son who took over his father’s role as the man of the house once his father left. Laura the timid, shy daughter who with a mild physical defect lived a self-induced secluded life and the one gentleman caller Jim, who later in the play we find out that he was not really a caller for Laura at all.... [tags: The Glass Menagerie, Tennessee Williams]
711 words (2 pages)
- A Menagerie of Broken Dreams Broken glass, unfulfilled fantasies, and a family of lackluster people striving for a better life. “The Glass Menagerie” by Tennessee Williams is a play in which the main character Tom relives the days lead up to him leaving his family. Williams uses a collection of glass animal figures, called a glass menagerie, as a symbol for a multitude of elements and characters. The menagerie represents each individual character in the family and the family as a whole while representing plot progression and the aspirations of the family.... [tags: The Glass Menagerie, Tennessee Williams, Laura]
1078 words (3.1 pages)
- Tennessee Williams’ play, “The Glass Menagerie”, depicts the life of an odd yet intriguing character: Laura. Because she is affected by a slight disability in her leg, she lacks the confidence as well as the desire to socialize with people outside her family. Refusing to be constrained to reality, she often escapes to her own world, which consists of her records and collection of glass animals. This glass menagerie holds a great deal of significance throughout the play (as the title implies) and is representative of several different aspects of Laura’s personality.... [tags: The Glass Menagerie, Tennessee Williams, Symbol]
935 words (2.7 pages)
- Tennessee Williams’ excellent use of themes to portray characters in his world class, classic play “The Glass Menagerie” makes the play enthralling till the very end of it. Out of many themes like loneliness, illusions and distress; disintegration of the family seems to be a major plot of the play. Undoubtedly, all the themes displayed in “The Glass Menagerie” are as much important for the success of the play which keeps the audience indulged into it throughout. Nature and lifestyle of each character plays a vital role in creating events and setting the theme of the story.... [tags: The Glass Menagerie, Tennessee Williams, Drama]
2295 words (6.6 pages)
- ... It had to be realistic to a certain extent, however, it couldn’t be too realistic. This was done in a multitude of ways. For instance, the scenery seemed in a scene incomplete, as we know when one remembers something, they’re actually remembering the last time they remembered it. I feel the fact that there were things “missing” and the fact that we had to tap into our imagination and go along with acknowledgment of the pantomimed and invisible props/furniture in this show. Along with that, it was genius to have Tom smoking a fictional cigarette and put it out as he is telling the audience that this play is a play based on an illusion.... [tags: The Glass Menagerie, Tennessee Williams, The Play]
1003 words (2.9 pages)
- Stress is a normal occurrence through the rollercoaster that is called life. It can make a person stronger or cause serious health issues that could potentially lead to death. Stress is like a levy that is imposed to pay for the existence of the human race. While it is impossible to get away from stress, there are ways handling the stress that life gives each person, it just takes some time to figure out what works for each individual person. In the play The Glass Menagerie by Tennessee Williams the reader sees how three individuals named Tom, Amanda, and Laura deal with the stress and problems that they encounter every day in 1930’s St.... [tags: The Glass Menagerie, Tennessee Williams, Escape]
1040 words (3 pages)
- The play The Glass Menagerie, written by Tennessee Williams in 1943, is a story of a family thrown by fate in a big industrial city. In the author 's foreword Williams calls his work a “memory play”, and while seeking to express life as truthfully and brightly as possible, he rejects such artistic means as a "photographic likeness." The play is based on the nuances, hints, and is rich with symbols that is created by special design, using the screen, music and lighting. Undoubtedly, symbols are the glass unicorn and blue roses that appear on the screen as a symbol of uniqueness and vulnerability of Laura - the most touchy and unfortunate character in the play.... [tags: The Glass Menagerie, Tennessee Williams, Complex]
1002 words (2.9 pages)
- The Glass Menagerie by Tennessee Williams -Joseph K. Davis, " Landscapes of the Dislocated Mind in Williams' 'The Glass Menagerie'," in Tennessee Williams: A Tribute Tom and his sister Laura is symbolically the actual glass menagerie, the play belongs to neither of them. The play belongs to their mother, Amanda, as substantiated by the above quote from Joseph K. Davis. Amanda indulges herself in memories of the past and refuses to accept the present. The play is also hers because it is her "tragedy".... [tags: Glass Menagerie Tennessee Williams Essays]
1437 words (4.1 pages)
- Tennessee Williams' The Glass Menagerie We all have illusions. We can hardly live without them. Most of the time they are harmless thoughts about things that are usually unattainable. An example would be when a person sees something that they want and then dreams of having it. Whenever someone holds an opinion based on what they think is true, or in some cases what should be true, rather than what actually is true, then that is an illusion. Illusions sometimes help people cope with painful situations, but in the end, illusions are only a false escape from reality.... [tags: Tennessee Williams Glass Menagerie Essays]
1151 words (3.3 pages)