While girls have historically made up a small percentage of the juvenile justice
population, offending by girls is on the rise. Girls are the fastest growing segment of despite the overall drop in juvenile crime. Over the past two decades we have witnessed an exponential rise in the number of girls in detention facilities, jails and prisons; likewise, arrest rates for girls in almost all offense categories have outstripped that of boys over this same time period. N...
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...inquency have higher mortality rates, more mental health problems, dysfunctional and violent relationships, and poorer educational and unemployment outcomes” (p.4). Therefore, it’s imperative that the organizations, policymakers and others ensure that in our quest as child advocates to provide better services and programs for girls now and for the next generations to come. In addition, we must have our communities and our court system support on creating a series of different gender specific community based services and additional alternatives for girls. Overall, I believe our justice juvenile system needs to establish some core elements in order to have a successful gender specific program. They must provide comprehensive, safe, empowering, relational, community and family focused programs to help rehabilitate our females for a better tomorrow and a better future.
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- In 1899, the nation’s first juvenile court for youth under the age of 16 was established in Chicago to provide rehabilitation rather than punishment. By 1925, following the Chicago model, all but two states had juvenile courts whose goals were to turn youth into productive citizens utilizing treatment that included warnings, probation, and training school confinement(Cox et al. 2014, p.2). Treatment lasted until the child was “cured” or turned 21. Although judges spoke with the offending children and decided upon the punishment, the lack of established rules and poor rehabilitation led to unfair treatment.... [tags: education, unemployment, punishment]
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- For many, the term juvenile delinquent likely conjures up images of groups of young men standing on street corners, wearing baggy clothes, and boasting defiant attitudes. However, some may be surprised to learn that the face of the juvenile delinquent is swiftly changing. While boys are responsible for the majority of juvenile crime overall, the number of juvenile females involved with the justice system has been steadily increasing over the past three decades (Gross 84). Of greatest concern is the context of the crimes being committed by juvenile girls, as arrest rates have increased most in the area of violent offenses.... [tags: Girls, Juvenile Justice System]
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- ... It is important to note that a number of misdemeanor crimes go unreported while serious crimes involving injury and/or large economic loss are reported more often. A 1998 U.S. longitudinal study tracking over 6,400 boys for over 20 years found that children who grew up without their biological father in the home were roughly three times more likely to commit a crime that led to incarceration, than children from intact families (Harper & McLanahan, 1998). Others have found that children of divorced parents are up to six times more likely to be delinquent than children from intact families.... [tags: treatment by gender, juvenile justice system]
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- Juvenile Offenders with Mental Illness The juvenile justice system faces a significant challenge in identifying and responding to the psychiatric disorders of detained youth because research has shown that it is difficult to define the best means to use and enhance the scarce mental health resources (Kessler & Kraus, 2007). According to Cocozza and Skowyra (2000) “Children’s and adolescents’ mental health needs have historically been addressed inadequately in policy, practice, and research and have only the number of youth with mental illness and their level of unmet needs recognized” (p 4).... [tags: Juvenile Crime, Justice System]
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- Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention found that high numbers of detention orders were being issued for status youth statewide. The main issue of concern was the valid court order exception to the DSO core requirement was used 2,000 times. This allowed judges to order non-delinquent youth in locked detention facility whose most serious violations involved repeat offenses of running away, skipping school or being rebelling against authority figures. The disturbing thing about this statistic is that the same year almost half the other states used the VCO 250 times or less.... [tags: Criminal Justice]
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