The Gettysburg Address 's Goals Essay

The Gettysburg Address 's Goals Essay

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Understanding the Gettysburg Address’s goals is as important as understanding the historical background. The Gettysburg Address was performed by our president of the time Abraham Lincoln. His stage was the battlefield of Gettysburg. A bloody battle fought during the Civil War from July 1st to 3rd between the Confederacy (South) and the Union (North). On this battle the Union won a decisive victory that would foreshadow the end of the Civil War. Lincoln’s audience was 15,000 people and the rest of the nation (Confederate and Union people). Although Lincoln was not planned to speak at the event in fact he was invited by the main orator of the occasion. Edward Everett was. He was a former president of Harvard, a former member of the U.S. Senate, and a former secretary of state. Lincoln’s intention of giving the speech was to stress the importance of uniting the North and South and bring peace. After the speech (The Gettysburg Address), Everett wrote to Lincoln, "I wish that I could flatter myself that I had come as near to the central idea of the occasion in two hours as you did in two minutes."

Lincoln when invited realized the importance of the situation and how monumental this stage of the war would be as the battle of Gettysburg was officially won on July 4th (the day of American Independence). He begins the the speech with, “Fourscore and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation.” One of the most poetic uses of diction to begin a speech in American history. This first sentence represents many things. The first would be his eloquent representation of 87 years of this U.S.’s lifespan. This brings the audience a reminder of what it was brought upon. Essentially highlighting the struggle of how the ...


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...etter sense of “independence.”

The final statement “of the people, by the people, and for the people” is very reminiscent of the Declaration of Independence’s kind of rhetoric. Bringing his speech full circle back to the idea of the original unity of North and South achieved after the American Independence. Lincoln constantly enforces an idea of need for unity, and sympathy towards the dead men which he speaks of (and around at Gettysburg). Bringing up references to American identity and foundation as reasons we should not let the war tear us apart. Utilizing diction and rhetorical devices to highlight sentences with his main point. Manipulating the American people to subconsciously feel the need for unity by these uses of rhetoric. By these listed rhetorical strategies is why this speech is not only monumental in American history, but a piece of literary excellence.

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