George Orwell wrote Animal Farm: A Fairy Story with an intended political purpose; many aspects of Orwell’s life experiences are found throughout the novel. Orwell was born on June 25, 1903 in India and eventually moved to England with his parents where he remained for the majority of his life until his death on January 21, 1950. Throughout his life, Orwell reformed his own political beliefs, which are strongly highlighted in Animal Farm. In the early 1930s, Orwell considered himself an anarchist. After moving to Spain in the mid-1930s, Orwell quickly altered his political beliefs and considered himself a Democratic Socialist, one who favors a democratic government with a socialist economy. During this period of transformation, Orwell also changed his name from Eric Arthur Blair to George Orwell. This is symbolic of his change in beliefs while living in Spain with a completely reformed ideology. While in Spain, Orwell fought on the Aragon front in the Spanish Civil War, and he also joined the Militia of Workers Party of Marxist Unity, or POUM, an anti-fascist group. POUM was rumored to be connected with fascist beliefs by much of the public and was arrested by the police. After fighting in the war and being detained, Orwell left Spain and returned to England, where his writing car...
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Grofman, Bernard. “Pig and Proletariat: Animal Farm as History.” San Jose Studies 16.2 (Spring 1990): 5-39. Rpt. in Short Story Criticism. Ed. Joseph Palmisano. Vol. 68. Detroit: Gale, 2004. Literature Resource Center. Web. 30 Apr. 2014
Patai, Daphne. “Animal Farm Exposes Orwell’s Sexism.” Readings on Animal Farm. Ed. Terry O’ Neil. San Diego, Calif.: Greenhaven Press, 1998. 116-126. Rpt. in Short Story Criticism. Ed. Joseph Palmisano. Vol. 68. Detroit: Gale, 2004. Literature Resource Center. Web. 30 Apr. 2014.
Pearce, Robert. “Animal Farm: Sixty Years On.” Animal Farm: Sixty Years On. N..p, n.d. Web. 30 Apr. 2014
Snodgrass, Mary Ellen. “Animal Farm.” Encyclopedia of Fable. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-Clio Inc., 1998. 34-39. Rpt. in Children’s Literature Review. Ed. Tom Burns. Vol. 132. Detroit: Gale, 2008. Literature Resource Center. Web. 30 Apr. 2014.
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