George Orwell 's 1984, The Totalitarian, And Individual Free Will No Longer Existed

George Orwell 's 1984, The Totalitarian, And Individual Free Will No Longer Existed

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“The totalitarian, to me, is the enemy - the one that 's absolute, the one that wants control over the inside of your head, not just your actions and your taxes” (Hitchens 53). By stating this, one can understand that Orwell biographer Christopher Hitchens strongly believes that totalitarians are every individual’s enemies. In 1984, the concepts of liberated enterprise and individual free will no longer existed; hence in the novel 1984, George Orwell demonstrates that totalitarianism could take over one’s personal freedom if not fought against. Through a third person limited omniscient narration, using the perspective of Winston Smith, Orwell elucidates the conflict between an individual and a totalitarian government; in the end, Winston Smith is defeated by the Party due to this conflict, revealing Orwell 's belief in the destructive, oppressive nature of totalitarianism.

The novel 1984 is third person limited omniscient narrated. George Orwell is omniscient since he knows everything and talks about what is going on inside Winston’s mind (the novel’s protagonist’s mind.) This affects the book in numerous ways. "A hideous ecstasy of fear and vindictiveness, a desire to kill, to torture, to smash faces in with a sledgehammer, seemed to flow through the whole group of people like an electric current, turning one even against one 's will into a grimacing, screaming lunatic" (Orwell 16). In the novel, these feelings are caused by the Two Minute Hate, a daily ritual where Party members of the society of Oceania gather in front of a telescreen and express their hatred at “eleven hundred” for a two-minute program that shows Emmanuel Goldstein, the Enemy of the People, and him marching his soldiers. In this reminiscent example, Orwell ...


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... emotions as him, the main character of the novel. It would be harder to understand Winston if he narrated the story first person since he is always confused and shifting his thoughts due to feeling threatened by the Party. When Winston sees three national Party slogans of Oceania, it is an opportunity for Orwell to get information through Winston’s eyes. “War Is Peace, Freedom Is Slavery, Slavery Is Freedom” deconstructs the human being as this brainwashes the entire population into believing literally whatever they promote. ”Big Brother is watching you” (Orwell 2) is a saying Winston sees throughout London on posters that signifies how the citizens of Oceania’s privacy is limited due to them being monitored through cameras and microphones. Why is Big Brother the nominal head of Oceania if the term “Brother” carries a protective, respectful, and caring connotation?

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