George Orwell 's 1984 Features A Society Corrupted By Government Dictatorship

George Orwell 's 1984 Features A Society Corrupted By Government Dictatorship

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George Orwell’s 1984 features a society corrupted by government dictatorship. The protagonist Winston Smith experiences an internal conflict with recalling his childhood, as well as an external conflict with the Party, illuminating the moral of the novel as a whole by characterizing what may occur if a government such as the one in 1984 ever took control. In the novel, Winston demonstrates how the freedom included in his earlier years continuously haunts him and leads him to commit crimes that eventually land him in prison where perpetual torture becomes a norm. Edward Said has emphasized that exile is both an “unhealable rift” and an “enriching experience.” While these two phrases contradict each other, Said is correct in his belief that the two adhere to one another. Winston’s experience with exile from his past is both alienating and enriching which highlights the theme that a totalitarian government utilizes manipulation to maintain absolute power.
Initially, Winston works in the Ministry of Truth, which ironically only distorts history in order to further sway the population. Midway through the novel, as Winston works in the Ministry of Truth, he realizes that in his society there “was no such thing as happiness,” and that “privacy was a valuable thing;” Winston goes on to make the assumption that he “is playing in a game that he can’t ever win,” (135). These quotes demonstrate his resigned attitude towards the lifestyle forced upon him; exile from Winston’s simple pursuit of happiness and unalienable right to privacy causes him to feel as if he has nothing, and leads him to think about the devastating future as a result of his unknown past. He then states that as a result of "no emotion being pure, everything was mixed up...


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...idealize the goals a government such as the Party would establish. He pulls the moral of the novel, which can be elucidated as future generations losing their human characteristics due to a ruthless government, into reality and sheds light on the actual side effects if this horrible regime were to actually transpire. This reinforces the theme that a totalitarian government uses manipulation to maintain absolute power by labeling humans as soulless creatures after going through a Nazi-like tyranny.
Winston’s exile from his past did prove to be enriching for him while being alienated by the Party; it maintained the theme that a despotic government can use manipulation to assert absolute power. His rebellious nature caused him to finally find the truth about his past and understand that no matter what he did or what type of evidence he could conjure up, “2 + 2 = 5”.

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